Bicol University R&D Journal

Official Refereed Journal of Bicol University

4500 Legazpi City,Philippines

Print ISSN: 0016-4139       Online ISSN: 2719-082X

Current Issue

Vol 26, Issue 1
August 2023

CHED-JIP Recognized Journal as per CMO NO. 50, s. 2018.

Make a submission
Announcement
Browse All Journal Articles
    A
  • Anthology
    ARIMBAY’S VERBAL LORE: AN ANTHOLOGY OF FOLKTALES
    Vol. 20, Issue 1, 2017

    Abstract: This is a descriptive ethno-literary research that documented, translated, classified, and analysed folktales from Barangay Arimbay, Legazpi City, Albay Province, Philippines. The ethnographic methods of data collection, as well as the vertical and horizontal tests of Manuel (1985) were employed in the validation of 74 diversified folktales gathered from the said locale. The Labovian and literary approaches for the structural and textual analysis were employed to identify structural patterns, th...

    Authors: May Antoinette S. Imran1

    Keywords: Arimbay, verbal lore, anthology, folktales

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Arts and Letters, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Teacher Education
    ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION MATERIALS FOR CONTENT COURSES IN THE TEACHER EDUCATION
    Vol. 20, Issue 1, 2017

    Abstract: The Teacher Education curriculum can serve as meaningful context for teaching the future teachers environmentally responsible behaviors. This study aimed to review the Content Courses in the Bachelor of Elementary Education curriculum in order to identify entry points of Environmental Education (EE) integration, to assess the available Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) EE materials, and to develop and validate exemplar session plans with EE integration. The developmental-des...

    Authors: Maria Joselyn J. Paje1

    Keywords: content courses, curriculum, environmental education, session plans, teacher, education program

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Education
    Academic Challenges of Full Professors in Bicol University at the Time of Pandemic
    Vol. 26, Issue 1, 2023

    Abstract: T his study investigates the multifaceted academic challenges faced by full professors at Bicol University during the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing on their readiness for online teaching, the encountered obstacles, and the strategies employed to surmount these challenges. Using total enumeration, study selected respondents which full professors of Bicol University. Study employed a standardized tool, the Faculty Readiness for Online Crisis Teaching Scale during the COVID-19 Pandemic, complemented ...

    Authors: Melinda D. De Guzman1

    Keywords: Online Teaching, Self-Paced Learning, Teaching and Learning Strategies, Hybrid Modality

    Afilliations: Bicol University Open University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Science
    Analysis of Traditional Knowledge of Medicinal Plants from Residents Near Kalikasan Park, Albay, Philippines
    Vol. 22, Issue 2, 2019

    Abstract: The study was conducted to document the traditional knowledge and utilization of medicinal plants from the locals residing near Kalikasan Park, Albay, Philippines. Data was collected using semi-structured questionnaires and informal interviews. The survey was participated by 24 informants, 50% of which had secondary education and 42% are aged 50 years old and above. The ethnobotanical importance of the surveyed plants was quantitatively analyzed in terms of 3 parameters: frequency (F), specifici...

    Authors: Lilibeth A. Cajuday1, Erwin N. Bañares1

    Keywords: Frequency, Kalikasan Park, Medicinal plants, Reliability, Specificity

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Science, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Teacher Education
    Andragogical Experiences of Filipino Graduate Students in a Korean Language Class
    Vol. 24, Issue 1, 2021

    Abstract: Teaching a foreign language entails strategies that require preparation and effective implementation at the classroom level. The approaches employed by the teacher significantly impact students’ achievement in terms of language proficiency and cultural understanding of the subject being studied. Moreover, andragogy as a concept plays a vital role in the teaching and learning process as captured in this study. Using a qualitative design, this research employed content analysis to fulfill the es...

    Authors: Inero V. Ancho1

    Keywords: Andragogy, Curriculum Research, Foreign Language, Graduate Students

    Afilliations: College of Graduate Studies and Teacher Education Research Philippine Normal University, Manila, NCR, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Biology
    Anti-predator behavior of Philippine Water Skink Tropidophorus grayi GĂĽnther, 1861 in Naglahao Falls, Municipality of Irosin, Sorsogon Province, Bicol Peninsula, Philippines
    Vol. 23, Issue 1, 2020

    Abstract: Lizards are ideal taxa in studying defensive behaviors, comparatively because they are prey for a wide range of vertebrate (Dubeux et al., 2019, Alcantara et al., 2014, Birkhead & Benny, 2014, Brito et al., 2014) and invertebrate predators (Sy & Alaban, 2014). Moreover, this group has evolved a broad defensive tactics in surviving potential predators (Dappen, 2010, Nunes et al., 2012, Brock et al., 2014, Patel et al., 2016). In literatures, there are two basic defensive behaviors that are known:...

    Authors: Cyrus Job P. Dela Cruz1, Luzie Doering2

    Keywords: Tropidophorus grayi

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Agriculture and Forestry Graduate Program, Guinobatan, Albay, Philippines1, Brandenburgische Technische Universität, 0304, Cottbus-Senftenberg-Platz der Deutschen Einheit 1, Cottbus, Brandenburg, Germany2

    PDF

  • Biology
    Antibacterial Activities of Endophytic Fungi from Capsicum annuum L. (Siling labuyo) leaves and fruits
    Vol. 22, Issue 1, 2019

    Abstract: Endophytic fungi were isolated from Capsicum annuum (siling labuyo) from three ecological zones in the province of Albay, Philippines and were identified through morpho-cultural characteristics and by molecular analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the 18S ribosomal DNA. Eight fungal endophytes were isolated from the leaves and fruits. Seven were identified as Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Lasiodiplodia pseudotheobromae, Nigrospora sphaerica, Guignardia mangiferae, Coprin...

    Authors: Eliza Ann A. Arena1, Mae Breech R. Bernal1, Jazzlyn T. Imperial1

    Keywords: antimicrobial, Bicol, Escherichia coli, mycology, sili, Staphylococcus aureus

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Science, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Education
    Are the Right Questions being Asked? An Investigation of Questioning Proficiency among Pre-service Teachers
    Vol. 26, Issue 1, 2023

    Abstract: Teaching and learning call for a meaningful and interactive climate to enhance the thinking abilities of the learners through proficient teacher questioning skills. Understanding how effectively pre-service teachers pose questions is vital in preparing them for actual teaching. Thus, this study investigates a) the kinds of questions pre-service teachers ask, b) the level of competence in the art of questioning, and c) the difficulties associated with it. The participants were 27 pre-service teac...

    Authors: Norma L. Magdato1, Julius R. Satparam1

    Keywords: kinds of questions, level of proficiency, difficulties, higher-order thinking skills, lower-order thinking skills

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Teacher Education
    Assessment of Environmental Education Materials for Professional Education Courses in the Teacher Education Curriculum
    Vol. 24, Issue 3, 2021

    Abstract: This study used mixed methods of research to review the Professional Education curriculum of the Bachelor in Elementary Education and Bachelor in Secondary Education. Specifically, this study aimed to identify entry points of Environmental Education (EE) integration using the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) EE materials and to develop and validate exemplar session plans with EE integration in different Professional Education courses. Data gathering techniques were document...

    Authors: Ma. Lourdes M. Macasinag1

    Keywords: Curricular Review, Environmental Education, Environmental Education Materials, teacher education program Introduction

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Department of Teacher Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Teacher Education
    Assessment of Environmental Education Materials for Specialization Courses in the Teacher Education Curriculum
    Vol. 24, Issue 3, 2021

    Abstract: The teacher education programs and teacher educators have crucial roles in reorienting education for sustainability (Hopkins & McKeown, 2005), and the development and production of environmental education (EE) materials is a relevant strategy to promote EE (RA 9512, 2008). Thus, the endeavor to mainstream EE in the Teacher Education curriculum is deemed significant. This study used the developmental-descriptive-evaluative method of research. This study aimed to review the Teacher Education curri...

    Authors: Rebecca Rosario O. Bercasio1, Michelle B. Gayo2

    Keywords: Curricular Review, Environmental Education Materials, Pre-service Training. Teacher Education Program, Validation of EE Materials

    Afilliations: Center for Teaching Excellence, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Bicol University College of Education, Department of Teacher Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Health
    Assessment of Workplace of Barangay Health Workers in Selected Municipalities in the Province of Albay, Philippines
    Vol. 22, Issue 1, 2019

    Abstract: The barangay health workers (BHWs) play a significant role in the Philippine health care delivery system. They act as frontliners under the primary health care approach. They render primary care services such as first aid, maternal, neonatal, and child- and community-based interventions in the community. Individual work performance can be affected by individual motivation, work environment, and existing regulatory requirements. This study generally aimed to determine the working environment of B...

    Authors: Jean Annette S. Ibo1

    Keywords: barangay health facility, frontline health providers, motivations, work environment, work policy

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Nursing, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Fisheries
    Assessment of the Socio-economic Sensitivity and Adaptive Capacity of Fishers in San Miguel Island, Tabaco City, Albay
    Vol. 25, Issue 2, 2022

    Abstract: The study assessed the socio-economic sensitivity and adaptive capacity of fishers in San Miguel Island in relation to coral reef resilience. It explored the status of fishing and its impact on the resource’s resiliency. The study used the vulnerability assessment of coastal fisheries ecosystem to climate change – tool for understanding resilience of fisheries (VA-TURF) framework with emphasis on the socio-economic component and covering the island communities of Sagurong, Rawis and Visita, ...

    Authors: Antonino B. Mendoza Jr.1

    Keywords: poverty, resiliency, vulnerability, fishers’ income

    Afilliations: Bicol University Tabaco Campus, Tabaco City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Technology
    Awareness Level on Additive Manufacturing (3D Printing) Technology in the Province of Bataan
    Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2022

    Abstract: In this paper, the level of awareness of the academic community and industries in the Province of Bataan regarding the 3D printing technology was determined. Specifically, it aims to assess the perceived knowledge of the respondents from the academe, industry and government agencies about the existence, working principles, applications and benefits of 3D printing. Survey Questionnaires were administered to three-thousand and one (N=3001) participants composed of students, faculty and administrat...

    Authors: Jesselyn D. Mortejo1, Flora D. Canare1, Cristina G. Rivera2, Consuelo G. Cruz3, Gerald S. Robles4, John Ryan C. Dizon5

    Keywords: additive manufacturing, 3D printing, technology, survey, awareness

    Afilliations: Graduate School, Bataan Peninsula State University, City of Balanga, Bataan, Philippines1, College of Information and Communications Technology, Bataan Peninsula State University, City of Balanga, Bataan, Philippines2, Department of Arts and Science, Bataan Peninsula State University, City of Balanga, Bataan, Philippines3, Deparment of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Architecture, Bataan State University, City of Balanga, Bataan, Philippines4, 6 DR3AM Center, Bataan Peninsula State University, City of Balanga, Bataan, Philippines5

    PDF

  • Psychology
    Awareness of Vulnerability of Communities on Natural Disaster & Psychosocial Services of the Local Government Units in the Province of Albay, Philippines
    Vol. 21, Issue 1, 2018

    Abstract: This study investigated the awareness of respondents on the vulnerability of the communities on natural disasters in the province of Albay, the experiences of the community, means of public information, professional experts, and psychosocial services offered by different Local Government Units (LGUs). The study used nonprobability sampling to identify the person in authority in the provincial level. Data from the initial interview were used to pinpoint the participants from the Municipal Social ...

    Authors: Sipronio B. Belardo1

    Keywords: Disaster Risk Management, Mental Health, Calamities, Typhoon Reming (Typhoon Durian), Mayon Volcano, Positive Psychology, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Social Science and Philosophy, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF
  • B
  • Health
    Bicol University College of Nursing Vision, Mission, Goal, and Objectives: Awareness, Dissemination, and Attainment
    Vol. 21, Issue 2, 2018

    Abstract: Bicol University College of Nursing’s (BUCN) vision, mission, goal, and objectives (VMGO) serve as fundamental guide in its mandate for instruction, research, and extension, towards yielding worldclass nurses. This study looked into stakeholders’ awareness of the BUCN VMGO, the college’s strategies towards its attainment, and possible enhancements towards its wider dissemination and greater assurance of attainment. This is a cross-sectional type of research which utilized a mix of samplin...

    Authors: Maria Della C. Rañeses1

    Keywords: nursing education, stakeholders’ awareness, strategies to attain VMGO

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Nursing, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Fisheries
    Biofouling on nets and endobiosis leads to reduced shell growth in scallops (Pectinidae): A meta-analysis
    Vol. 22, Issue 2, 2019

    Abstract: Biofouling has been generally viewed as a negative issue affecting the culture of bivalves around the world. One significant impact of biofouling is the reduction of growth of affected species. To quantify its effect on scallops, meta-analytic techniques were employed using secondary data from best available published studies. Using the random effects model, the study was able to determine a significant reduction in the growth of fouled scallop by about 24%. However, subgroup analysis revealed t...

    Authors: Ian Chris R. Buban1, Victor S. Soliman1

    Keywords: effect size, endobionts, epibionts, fouling on net, random effects model, standardized mean difference

    Afilliations: Coastal Resources Management Section, Bicol Universtity Tabaco Camppus, Tabaco City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Biology
    Biological Inputs to the Management of Tabagwang (Jagora asperata) in Buradan River Viga, Catanduanes, Philippines
    Vol. 21, Issue 3, 2018

    Abstract: Jagora asperata (Lamarck, 1822) known to Bicolanos as tabagwang is an edible mollusc species thriving in rivers of the Bicol region. It is being harvested and cooked in coconut milk mixed with edible fern. There is a dearth of information regarding its biology and fishery in the Bicol region. This absence of information necessitated this study. The study was conducted in Buradan River, Viga, Catanduanes, from January 2013 to May 2014. Spatial distribution of the species was observed to be a clum...

    Authors: Skorzeny C. De Jesus1, Jethro Emmanuel P. Baltazar2

    Keywords: biology, Catanduanes, Jagora asperata, management, tabagwang

    Afilliations: Bicol University Tabaco Campus, Tabaco City, Albay, Philippines1, Partido State University, Goa, Camarines Sur, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Biology
    Butterfly Fauna of Catanduanes Island, Philippines: New locality records (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera)
    Vol. 24, Issue 1, 2021

    Abstract: A four-year inventory of butterfly species in Catanduanes Island is presented in this paper with new locality records. Photographs of butterflies reported by citizen scientists to the Philippine Lepidoptera Butterflies and Moths Inc. and Catanduanes Biodiversity from May 2016 to December 2020 were compiled to generate an updated species list of the butterflies present on the island. A total of 134 species of butterflies were recorded belonging to five families and 95 genera. Butterfly species in...

    Authors: Niño R. Mape1, Agnes A. Talavera2, Evelyn M. Flores3, John Ronel S. Gil3, Shiela B. Conche4, Leslie T. Ogalesco5, Jade Aster T. Baldon6

    Keywords: butterflies, Catanduanes Island, citizen science, endemic, inventory, Philippine Lepidoptera

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Science, Department of Biology, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Philippine Lepidoptera Butterflies and Moths Inc., Quezon, Nueva Ecija, Philippines2, Catanduanes Biodiversity, Virac, Catanduanes, Philippines3, Provincial Environment and Natural Resources Office (PENRO), Virac, Catanduanes, Philippines4, Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Region V, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines5, Biology Department, Silliman University, Dumaguete City, Negros Oriental, Philippines6

    PDF
  • C
  • Health
    COMPETENCIES OF NURSES IN ALBAY: AN ASSESSMENT
    Vol. 20, Issue 1, 2017

    Abstract: Health service delivery in the country has evolved into dual delivery systems of public and private health service institutions. The nurses, as one of the health care service providers, need to posses competencies to deliver quality nursing care. Hence, the conduct of the study was deemed important to determine the competencies of nurses from Albay province and the factors that contributed to their competencies. The respondents consisted of 56 public health nurses with permanent position and hav...

    Authors: Mary Joy B. Sande1

    Keywords: nursing competencies, contributing factors, nurses, healthcare delivery system

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Nursing, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Nursing
    Challenges and Strategies of Bicol University in Compliance with the Expanded Breastfeeding Promotion Act (RA 10028)
    Vol. 24, Issue 1, 2021

    Abstract: This descriptive study utilized a pre-tested structured interview guide based largely on the provisions of the Expanded Breastfeeding (EBF) Promotion Act (RA 10028) which required evidence for verification in order to maintain the objectivity of the responses. Key informant interviews were done with Bicol University (BU) academic deans and directors (as Gender and Development (GAD) focal persons) and faculty presidents to determine BU’s extent of compliance with RA 10028, identify the challeng...

    Authors: Richard L. Bartolata1

    Keywords: focal persons, GAD, key informants, regulatory compliance

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Nursing, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Agriculture Farming
    Climate Change Responsive Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Crop Farming in Albay Province, Philippines
    Vol. 22, Issue 2, 2019

    Abstract: Identifying, documenting and analyzing indigenous knowledge systems (IKS) in crop farming can help develop sustainable technologies since those IKS have evolved through the test of time involving several generations of farmers that made the communities survive. This study was conceptualized and conducted under such context. This qualitative and descriptive study involved the most senior and longtime farmers in the study sites as sources of information. Focus group discussion (FGD) was the method...

    Authors: Lester M. Narvaez1

    Keywords: Climate change, Crop farming, Indigenous Knowledge System (IKS)

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Agriculture and Forestry, Guinobatan, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Language
    Code-switching as a Politeness Marker in Sangguniang Panlalawigan Regular Sessions in Albay
    Vol. 21, Issue 3, 2018

    Abstract: Is code-switching used as a pragmatic marker, particularly to indicate politeness? This is the main question investigated in this paper. Specifically, it identified the types and instances of code-switching in the interactions among members of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan ng Albay (Albay Provincial Council) and describes their pragmatic functions, focusing on politeness as a motivation. Using available methods in identifying politeness strategies, the paper revealed via content analysis that cod...

    Authors: Ma. Celina Eladia G. Meneses1

    Keywords: Code-switching, discourse analysis, multilingualism, politeness, pragmatics

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Arts and Letters, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Health
    Common Signs and Symptoms of Non-Communicable Diseases Experienced and Diagnosed among Bicol University Teaching Personnel
    Vol. 24, Issue 2, 2021

    Abstract: As the Bicol University (BU) teaching personnel commit in doing their jobs, they sometimes take their health for granted. Some would suffer from ill-health and experience signs and symptoms, others would develop non-communicable diseases (NCDs). This study then determined the common signs and symptoms experienced by the BU teaching workforce, and the NCDs and other ailments they are diagnosed with. It also determined preventive measures that may help promote healthy lifestyle. This is a descript...

    Authors: Maria Della C. Rañeses1

    Keywords: Common Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosed Non-Communicable Diseases, Healthy Teaching Workforce, Promote Healthy Lifestyle

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Nursing, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Political Science
    Community Disaster Resiliency Management Programs of the Three Cities of the Province of Albay, Philippines
    Vol. 23, Issue 1, 2020

    Abstract: The study analyzed the community disaster resilience management programs of the cities of Legazpi, Tabaco, and Ligao in the province of Albay, Philippines with the following objectives: 1) examine the disaster risk reduction management (DRRM) project implemented by the three cities along governance, hazard and risk awareness, investment for resilience, and enhancing disaster preparedness for response; 2) determine the capability of the implementers in the implementation of the DRRM programs alon...

    Authors: Cesar A. Arao1

    Keywords: Capability, Governance, Programs, Resiliency

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Social Sciences and Philosophy, Department of Political Science, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Language
    Community-Based Language Development of Central Bikol
    Vol. 26, Issue 1, 2023

    Abstract: This research examined the language status of Central Bikol spoken in Legazpi City and used as a language of instruction in MTB-MLE. The Functions, Acquisition, Motivation, Environment, and Differentiation (FAMED) conditions identified the common factors that determine the level of language use, while the Expanded Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale (EGIDS) measured the level of language vitality. This study used purposive sampling in selecting 12 native speakers of the language. The metho...

    Authors: Ryan G. Dela Torre1, Aries S. Perez2

    Keywords: Central Bikol, EGIDS, FAMED, MTB-MLE, SUM

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Department of Language and Literature (LAL) and Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS), Daraga, Albay, Philippines1, Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Livelihood Entrepreneurship
    Conservation-based Alternative Livelihood as Key to the Sustainability of Marine Protected Area for Irrawaddy Dolphins in Negros Occidental
    Vol. 25, Issue 2, 2022

    Abstract: The establishment of a marine protected area (MPA) in the coastal waters of Bago City and Pulupandan is crucial in ensuring the conservation of the habitats of the Irrawaddy dolphin, a rare and critically endangered species of dolphin. Its effectiveness relies not upon only good governance by the said local government units but also on the participation of fisherfolk communities. !e study assesses the economic and livelihood condition of fisherfolk households to determine conservation-based alte...

    Authors: Virgilio R. Aguilar1

    Keywords: conservation-based alternative livelihood, marine protected area, Irrawaddy dolphins

    Afilliations: University of St. La Salle, Bacolod City, Negros Occidental, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Biology
    Contamination of Fresh Vegetables with Soil-transmitted Helminths in Selected Markets in Albay, Philippines
    Vol. 25, Issue 2, 2022

    Abstract: Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) are foodborne parasites associated with fresh vegetables. In this study, the occurrence of STH were assessed in selected open air markets and hypermarkets in Legazpi and Daraga, Albay, Philippines. A total of 96 of six various vegetables were collected which includes carrot (Daucus carota), camote (Ipomoea batatas), potato (Solanum tuberosum), cabbage (Brassica oleracea), water spinach (Ipomea aquatica), and pechay (Brassica rapa). After washing and sedimentation...

    Authors: Jereme L. Astaño1, Jose Randolph C. Almonte2, Daile Meek S. Membreve3

    Keywords: foodborne parasites, washing, open air market, crops, Legazpi, Daraga

    Afilliations: Washington International School, F. Aquende Drive, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Bicol University Graduate School, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines2, Bicol University College of Science, Department of Biology, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines3

    PDF

  • Agriculture
    Contributions to Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (AFF) Research of Non-AFF Undergraduate Researches: The Case of Bicol University Biology Department
    Vol. 24, Issue 1, 2021

    Abstract: Agriculture, forestry and fisheries (AFF) researches' contribution to the economy is far-reaching. While there are a number of institutional researches produced, many AFF researches are lodged at the undergraduate level, many of which remain underutilized. The role of non-AFF undergraduate programs as a means to further research in AFF fields are highlighted in this study using the case of the BS Biology Program of Bicol University which may be reflective of other HEIs in the country. A total of...

    Authors: Jonathan Jaime G. Guerrero1, Mark Angelo O. Balendres2, Luis O. Amano3, Charmaine A. Malonzo1, Amelia A. Dorosan4, Arpon T. Lucero Jr.5

    Keywords: AFF, Biology, Bicol University, undergraduate research

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Science, Department of Biology, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Institute of Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture and Food Science, University of the Philippines-Los Baños, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines2, Office of the Vice President for Research, Development, and Extension, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines3, Office of the Vice President for Academic Affairs, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines4, Bicol University College of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines5

    PDF

  • Chemistry
    Copper-Activated In Situ Chemical Oxidation of Cyanide in Water Using Persulfate
    Vol. 26, Issue 1, 2023

    Abstract: Cyanide is found commonly in effluents coming from metallurgical processes. Cyanide toxicity poses a serious environmental threat. In this study, the stoichiometry, kinetics, and mechanism of the in situ chemical oxidation of cyanide in the presence of copper-activated persulfate were investigated. Ion selective electrode (ISE) was used to monitor the concentration of cyanide. Chemical and spectroscopic analyses were employed to characterize the products formed upon oxidation. An accelerated rea...

    Authors: Trina B. Estrada1, Querubin P. Gapas2, Ma. Crispina P. Baltazar1

    Keywords: kinetics, mechanism, degradation, environment

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Science, Department of Chemistry, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Bicol University College of Education, Department of Chemistry, Daraga, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Culture Heritage
    Culture and Heritage of Tiwi, Albay, Philippines through the Lenses of Cultural Mapping
    Vol. 23, Issue 1, 2020

    Abstract: Culture from the anthropological perspective sums up the behaviors, beliefs, attitudes, and values of a certain group of people. This study looked into the culture and heritage of Tiwi, Albay related to Mount Mayon in Eastern Philippines. The purposive cultural mapping in the locale is guided by the Heritage Cycle. It has identified the following tangible cultural elements: the statue of Our Lady of Salvation, Mayon inspired ceramics, Sangguniang Bayan seal, and the Japanese Garden. Only one int...

    Authors: Ruby Ann L. Ayo1

    Keywords: Tangible cultural heritage, intangible cultural heritage, Mt. Mayon, local history, Tiwi, Albay

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Social Science and Philosophy, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF
  • D
  • Health
    DETERMINANTS OF PERFORMANCE OF NURSING GRADUATES IN LICENSURE EXAMINATION
    Vol. 20, Issue 1, 2017

    Abstract: The study aimed to determine the factors affecting the performance of Bicol University graduates in the Nurses’ Licensure Examination (NLE). Specifically, it determined the (1) profile of the graduates such as: pre-admission profile (College Entrance Test or CET, General Weighted Average or GWA in high school) and performance in nursing school (academic performance and Related Learning Experience or RLE); (2) performance of graduates in the NLE; (3) relationship between the profile of the resp...

    Authors: Alma S. Banua1

    Keywords: assessment, performance, graduates, profile, Nurses’ Licensure Examination

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Nursing, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Biology
    Descriptions of the antennal structures of the millipede Trigoniulus macropygus (Silvestri, 1897) (Spirobolida: Trigoniulidae) and centipede Scolopendra subspinipes (Leach, 1815) (Scolopendromorpha: Scolopendridae) using scanning electron microscopy
    Vol. 23, Issue 1, 2020

    Abstract: The antenna is one of the major channels for sensory reception vital for gathering environmental information. An antenna mainly consists of a scape, pedicel, and repeating segments of flagellomeres which collectively constitute the antennomere. These are covered with tiny hair-like projections called sensilla or sensory bristles which greatly increase the surface area of sensory reception. Structural imaging of the antennal features of Trigoniulus macropygus and Scolopendra subspinipes using sca...

    Authors: Ric Ryan H. Regalado1, Marielle D. Buiza1, Moneth Claire B. Ibay1, Veyari L. Ramirez1, April Joy N. Belasa1

    Keywords: Antenna, morphology, scanning electron microscopy, segmentation, sensilla, sensory reception

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Science, Department of Biology, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Automotive Industrial Technology
    Development and Evaluation of Hydro-pneumatic Power Brake System Trainer
    Vol. 22, Issue 1, 2019

    Abstract: Effective instructional materials can empower students by improving skills and concepts through multiple representations and enhanced visualization. It can also engage students in higher-order thinking, builds strong problem-solving skills, and develops a deep understanding of concepts and procedures when properly used. Hence, the researchers developed an automotive hydro-pneumatic power brake system and evaluated its effectiveness as an instructional device through the research and development ...

    Authors: Nicanor B. Balbin1, Jayson L. Abrigo2

    Keywords: automotive technology, instructional device, effectiveness, developmental research, mockup, hydro-pneumatic power brake system

    Afilliations: Intellectual Property Management Division, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Bicol University College of Industrial Technology, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Industrial Technology
    Development and Evaluation of Power Steering System Trainer
    Vol. 22, Issue 1, 2019

    Abstract: Automotive students may be able to understand the lessons more efficiently with the use of functional instructional materials. However, such instructional materials are not readily available in educational institutions. This problem is common not only in state universities and colleges (SUCs), but also in senior high schools offering technology courses like automotive technology. To address such difficulty, this study aimed to (1) design a power steering system trainer, (2) construct and test th...

    Authors: Emerson L. Manzanillo1, Nicanor B. Balbin2, Danilo B. Mendivil2

    Keywords: Automotive Technology, Instructional Materials, Maintainability, Mobility

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Industrial Technology, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Intellectual Property Management Division, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Education
    Development and Implementation of a Flipped Course in a Philippine Higher Education Institution
    Vol. 26, Issue 1, 2023

    Abstract: Blended learning approaches, such as flipped learning, have gained traction in recent years due to the continuous advancement of technologies. Early evidence on the use of blended learning approaches shows that they support students’ ownership of learning and optimize students learning performance. In the Philippines, the incorporation of blended learning approaches in the teaching of higher education courses is seen as vital in preparing Filipino students for the world of work. This was furth...

    Authors: Julius R. Satparam1

    Keywords: Flipped classroom, Blended learning, Mathematics education, Educational technology, Pedagogical strategy, Active learning

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Information Technology Information Systems Ict
    Development and Implementation of a Web-based Procurement Planning Management System
    Vol. 25, Issue 2, 2022

    Abstract: The paper discusses the development of a web-based procurement planning management system which aimed to make the conduct of the procurement planning process more systematic and efficient. the developed system includes the creation and consolidation of the Project Procurement Management Plan, automated generation of the Annual Procurement Plan and management, and monitoring of the procurement activities. the system enables the users a web-based creation and submission of the PPMP up to automatic...

    Authors: Marlon V. Gamido1

    Keywords: information system, planning system, procurement system, purchasing

    Afilliations: College of Computer Studies, Tarlac State University, Tarlac City, Tarlac, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Agriculture
    Development and Innovation of Extractor For Malunggay (Moringa oleifera Lamk)
    Vol. 21, Issue 3, 2018

    Abstract: This study aimed to develop and innovate an extractor for malunggay to solve its laborious and tedious processing and for product and by-products development. Particularly, innovation of existing malunggay juice extractor was done and tested in terms of efficiency, capacity, extraction time, losses and power requirement, and its technical and economic viability. The extractor was innovated for extracting malunggay juice and other similar commodities. Testing of innovated extractor was highly sig...

    Authors: Christopher O. Pacardo1

    Keywords: malunggay, zero waste, malunggay processing, malunggay juice, herbal products

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Agriculture and Forestry, Guinobatan, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Computer Science
    Development of ICT-Based Environmental Education Materials in Different Media of Learning
    Vol. 21, Issue 3, 2018

    Abstract: The study Development of ICT-Based Environmental Education (EE) Materials which is intended to be utilized by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) and the National Network of Normal Schools (3NS) is appropriate for formal learning of college students, and for use of adults in the community. It aims to heighten awareness among learners about the significance of the environment, the natural resources, and their protection. The Agile approach using Scrum was utilized for the d...

    Authors: Lany L. Maceda1, Aris J. Ordoñez1

    Keywords: Computer-Assisted Instruction, CAI, DENR, Natural Resources, 3NS

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Science, Department of Computer Science and Information Technology, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Language
    Difficulties in Learning Japanese as a Foreign Language: The Case of Filipino Learners
    Vol. 24, Issue 2, 2021

    Abstract: This quantitative research study discusses the specific challenges in learning Nihongo as a foreign language, which was drawn from a sample of 481 randomly selected Filipino college students from 18 Nihongo classes offered at a state university. This study utilized a modified questionnaire. Data were statistically analyzed using mean, frequency, and percentage distribution. Findings revealed that limited Nihongo vocabulary and lack of cultural context of presented materials cause minimal retenti...

    Authors: Sherrilyn B. Quintos1

    Keywords: Filipino student, listening and comprehension, Nihongo, reading, speaking, writing

    Afilliations: Bataan Peninsula State University, City of Balanga, Bataan, Philippines1

    PDF
  • E
  • Teacher Education
    EFFECTIVENESS OF PEER MENTORING IN ENHANCING THE MATHEMATICAL PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS OF COLLEGE STUDENTS IN BICOL UNIVERSITY
    Vol. 20, Issue 1, 2017

    Abstract: The students’ performance in mathematics across levels in the country has been persistently low as shown by 2003 TIMMS results where the Philippines is ranked 41st among 45 countries (Mullis, Martin, Gonzalez & Chrostowski, 2004). An institutionalized peer-mediated academic support system can help in addressing the student’s academic needs and problems. The Institutionalized Peer Academic Assistance Program (I-PASS) in Mathematics was implemented to enhance the problem solving skills of 60 B...

    Authors: Rebecca Rosario O. Bercasio1, Zenaida C. Cabrillas2

    Keywords: peer-mentoring, marginalized students, peer assisted learning, at risk students, student support system

    Afilliations: Center for Teaching Excellence, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Education
    Educational Outcomes from Learning Physics Through Guided Inquiry
    Vol. 24, Issue 2, 2021

    Abstract: Educational Outcomes from Learning Physics Through Guided This descriptive research, which employed quantitative and qualitative methods, aimed to determine the educational outcomes of guided inquiry lessons in Physics in terms of the following: improvement of students’ inquiry skills, enhancement in scientific attitude, and the ability of students to connect the concepts to reallife experiences. Likewise, it described the students’ meaningful learning experiences during the conduct of the ...

    Authors: Shiela I. Arroco1

    Keywords: guided-inquiry, Inquiry-based learning, inquiry skills, meaningful learning, real-life connection, scientific attitude

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Food Health Biology
    Effect of arrowroot (Maranta sp.) Food Products Supplementation in Diet Induced Hypercholesterolemic Mice
    Vol. 21, Issue 1, 2018

    Abstract: Food enriched with dietary fiber content has been associated to lower blood lipid profile. In this study, the flour, starch, and cookies from locally grown arrowroot plant, which is known to contain dietary fiber, were investigated for anti-lipidemic activity. Six groups of male ICR mice were fed with a high cholesterol diet for six weeks. At the end of six-week cholesterol induction, Group 1 received distilled water (dH20), Group 2 was fed with arrowroot starch (ARS), Group 3 with arrowroot sta...

    Authors: Daile Meek S. Membreve1, Edward Diomerl B. Baldo2, 3

    Keywords: arrowroot starch, arrowroot cookies, anti-lipidemic, hypercholesterolemia, dietary fiber

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Science, Department of Biology, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Partido State University, Goa, Camarines Sur, Philippines2, 3

    PDF

  • Teacher Education
    Effectiveness of Laddered Preschool Education Program in Preparing Preschool Teachers
    Vol. 23, Issue 2, 2020

    Abstract: The delivery of the teacher education program needs to be given utmost importance by the university because what happens in the teacher preparation may influence what they would do in the classrooms as teachers. This descriptive-evaluative study identified the effectiveness of the Laddered Preschool Education offered by Bicol University for academic year 2013-2017. Data were gathered from licensure examination for teachers (LET)-like Exit Examination results of the students and preschool teacher...

    Authors: Rebecca Rosario O. Bercasio1

    Keywords: preschool education, pre-service training, responsive curriculum, teacher education program

    Afilliations: Center for Teaching Excellence, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Education
    Effectiveness of the Environmental Education Program in Enhancing Awareness, Comprehension, and Competence of the Middle-school Children of Bicol University
    Vol. 24, Issue 2, 2021

    Abstract: The study assessed the effectiveness of Environmental Education (EE) in enhancing the awareness, comprehension, and competence of middle-school children's EE skills in Bicol University College of Education Integrated Laboratory School, Daraga Albay, Philippines. The developmental-descriptive-evaluative research method was used alongside quantitative and qualitative approaches involving 36 Grade 6 pupils, 10 faculty members randomly selected, and one administrator. Results revealed that the child...

    Authors: Epifania B. Nuñez1, Helen M. Llenaresas1

    Keywords: environment, education, environmental concepts and principles, practice

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Education Environment
    Effectiveness of the Environmental Education Program in Enhancing Preparedness of the Vulnerable Populations in Coastal Communities of Manito, Albay
    Vol. 21, Issue 2, 2018

    Abstract: Environmental education (EE) in the community seeks to empower the people to take control of the environmental issues that affect their lives. Hence a well-planned and strongly supported environmental program can help people cope with environmental problems that confront them. A descriptive-qualitative and quantitative research was conducted among the in-school-youth and out-of-school-youth of Barangay It-ba and Cawit in Manito, Albay to assess the effectiveness of the environmental education in...

    Authors: Maria Teresa M. Abainza1

    Keywords: Awareness, Disaster, In-school-youth, Out-of-school-youth, Practice

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Education
    Effectiveness of the Environmental Education in Enhancing Preparedness of the Vulnerable Population in an Urban Community in the Eastern Philippines
    Vol. 24, Issue 3, 2021

    Abstract: Environmental education (E.E.) is a special kind of instruction that should not only be confined to schools, nor should it cater to students who are enrolled in formal academic programs or curricula. In this study, an environmental education program was designed and implemented in the urban community of Sagpon, Daraga Albay. The participants were eight adults and 11 in-school youth. Using the pre-test and post-test design, the researcher assessed the effectiveness of environmental education in e...

    Authors: Ma. Julieta B. Borres1

    Keywords: Environmental education, urban community, vulnerable populations

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Arts and Letters, Department of Humanities, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Education
    Effects of Teaching through Problem-Solving (TtPS) on Students’ Metacognition and Academic Performance
    Vol. 24, Issue 2, 2021

    Abstract: This research investigated the effects of teaching through problem-solving on students’ metacognitive processes, metacognitive awareness and academic performance in mathematics through one group pretestposttest pre-experimental design. The subjects consisted of an entire class composed of 17 Grade 11 students in one public school in Albay, Philippines. Data were gathered through a test, metacognitive awareness inventory, interview, journal entries and observation. These were analyzed with the...

    Authors: Joan B. Sionicio1, Leonilla B. Barbacena2

    Keywords: effect size, learning, metacognition, problem-solving, teaching

    Afilliations: Regional Center for Science and Mathematics Education, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Bicol University Tabaco Campus, Tabaco City, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Agriculture Farming
    Embracing the New: Factors Influencing the Adoption of Sustainable Farming Technology in Mango Farm Cooperators of Bataan, Philippines
    Vol. 24, Issue 1, 2021

    Abstract: The study aimed to determine the factors that influence the adoption of sustainable farming practices introduced by the Bataan Peninsula State University (BPSU) pool of researchers and agricultural studies experts to local mango farmers in Bataan, Philippines. The study is participant-oriented and utilized an interpretative phenomenological analysis approach which allowed the farmers to express themselves and their experiences in a manner without any alterations and prosecution. Purposive sampli...

    Authors: Leslie R. Jorge1, Hermogones M. Paguia1, Lorna Roldan1

    Keywords: Technology Transfer, Mango Farming, Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis

    Afilliations: Bataan Peninsula State University, City of Balanga, Bataan, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Education
    Enhancing the Academic Experiences of Internationally Mobile Students: The Philippine Experience
    Vol. 24, Issue 2, 2021

    Abstract: With the increasing trend in international student mobility at the dawn of the ASEAN Integration 2015, higher education institutions (HEIs) in the Philippines started preparing and enacting new policies and structural reforms. Integrated into the process of establishing a university's framework for internationalization, benchmarking had emerged as one of the measures for institutions to learn from each other. These perspectives provided the impetus for this research. This qualitative and explora...

    Authors: Marcia Corazon P. Rico1, Rebecca Rosario O. Bercasio2, Helen M. Llenaresas1, Gelli Ann D. Bongais1, Maria Cienna Jacucian1

    Keywords: Higher Education, Internationalization, Student Mobility, Student Services

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1, Center for Teaching Excellence, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Teacher Education
    Environmental Education Program: Enhancing Teacher Educators' Environmental Awareness and Understanding
    Vol. 24, Issue 3, 2021

    Abstract: Environmental issues related to human activities are increasingly becoming a serious concern. One way of preventing them is to promote environmental education in all sectors, starting with the academe, particularly in a teacher education institution. This study assessed the teacher educators' awareness and understanding of environmental education concepts and principles, which served as the basis for developing an environmental education program. It used questionnaires and tests to gather data f...

    Authors: Lorna M. Miña1

    Keywords: Environmental Education, Awareness and Understanding, Teacher Educators, EE Program, EE Concepts

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Education
    Environmental Education of Grade 4 Pupils in Bicol University Integrated Laboratory School
    Vol. 24, Issue 3, 2021

    Abstract: Today's children will become tomorrow's leaders, and as their form of guidance, it is our prime concern to provide them with educational experiences that are valuable to them. Children, as they are, do not possess adequate knowledge about environmental issues. The main goal of environmental education is to educate children as environmentally literate individuals who can actively participate in activities related to the environment and solve environmental problems. With the pressing problems the ...

    Authors: Sherry M. Orozco1

    Keywords: Awareness, Competence, Comprehension, Environmental Education, Environmental Program

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Department of Early and Late Childhood (ELC), Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Biology
    Evaluation of Cytotoxicity and Genotoxicity of Canarium ovatum Engl. (Burseraceae) and Cocos nucifera L. (Arecaceae) Ethanolic Bark Extracts
    Vol. 22, Issue 2, 2019

    Abstract: To further elucidate the potential of the pili and coconut barks in terms of their anticancer activity, their crude extracts were subjected to the sea urchin fertilization assay and Allium cepa test. These tests were conducted in order to determine the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity activities against the test subjects. The generated IC50 values are 0.54 mg/ml and 0.20 mg/ml for Canarium ovatum and Cocos nucifera, respectively. The sea urchin egg cells possess strong sensitivity against toxic age...

    Authors: Johann James S. Balbuena1, Clea Marie Gredonia1, Lilibeth A. Cajuday2

    Keywords: Pili, Coconut, Cytotoxicity, Genotoxicity, Anticancer, Sea urchin, Allium cepa

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Science, Department of Biology, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Bicol University College of Science, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Teacher Education
    Exemplars of Higher Education Teaching in the Bicol University College of Education, Philippines
    Vol. 24, Issue 2, 2021

    Abstract: The study explored teaching strategies in the tertiary level of Bicol University College of Education faculty and provided exemplars of higher education teaching. Classroom observations using validated instructional monitoring tool, interviews, and narratives through the teaching exemplar template were utilized to identify the instructional moves indicators used in the exemplar teaching strategies. The highly evident and frequently used instructional actions in the participants’ strategies are...

    Authors: Renelyn E. Bautista1

    Keywords: approaches, education, instruction, instructional practices, teaching practices

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Education
    Exemplary Classroom Management Practices Among the Elementary Teachers of Bicol University Integrated Laboratory School
    Vol. 24, Issue 1, 2021

    Abstract: The study identified exemplar classroom management and discipline practices which were collected in a compendium. Mixed method using survey with instructional monitoring tool, teaching template and video documentation were employed in this research. The validated teaching exemplar templates were used to extract exemplars. The respondents consisted of 10 teachers from Bicol University College of Education Integrated Laboratory School (BUCE-ILS). There were four teachers with highly eviden...

    Authors: Marivie B. Trivette1

    Keywords: Instructional Monitoring Tool, Teaching Exemplar Template, Instructional Moves

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF
  • G
  • Biology
    GC-MS Analysis of Metabolites from Aspergillus tamarii and Trichoderma sp. Detected Promising Biological Compounds
    Vol. 21, Issue 2, 2018

    Abstract: Fifteen multicellular fungi previously isolated from rice paddies were evaluated for their antibacterial activities against test organisms using the agar plug method. Only seven of the fungal isolates showed activity against the test organisms Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus, and Staphylococcus aureus. These seven fungi were subsequently grown on yeast extract sucrose agar (YES), potato dextrose agar (PDA), and Sabouraud dextrose agar (SDA) to determine their radial growth and time of sporulat...

    Authors: Charmaine A. Malonzo1, Jonathan Jaime G. Guerrero1, Maria Czet Fulleros2, Ramil Earl A. Madrideo2

    Keywords: GC-MS, secondary metabolites, multicellular fungi, Aspergillus tamarii, Trichoderma sp

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Science, Department of Biology, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Research, Development and Management Division, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Education
    Game-based Learning Using Indigenized Instructional Material in Grade VI Science
    Vol. 25, Issue 2, 2022

    Abstract: This study aimed to develop an indigenized game-based instructional material for teaching Grade VI Science in a public elementary school in Albay, Philippines for SY 2018- 2019, and to determine the effectiveness of game-based learning using the said instructional material. Developmental-descriptive and quasi-experimental methods were employed in this study. Data were gathered using parallel pretest and post-test and classroom observation. the statistical treatments used were mean percentage sco...

    Authors: Wendy S. Lotivio1, Rebecca Rosario O. Bercasio2

    Keywords: elementary science, game-based strategies, improvisation, indigenization, indigenized game

    Afilliations: Bicol University Graduate School, Department of Education, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Center for Teaching Excellence, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Engineering
    Geotechnical Characterization of the Soil along the Banks of the Sagumayon River in the Province of Albay, Philippines
    Vol. 22, Issue 1, 2019

    Abstract: The effects of pollution, weather and climate, and societal pressures had changed drastically the physical characteristics and use of the Sagumayon River, an important river network in the city of Legazpi. This study aimed to obtain relevant geotechnical engineering properties of the soil along the river banks, which could provide an indication of its vulnerability to erosion, settlement, and slope failure. In-situ and ex-situ tests conducted in four areas of the river along an 800-m stretch wit...

    Authors: Anna G. Bilaro1, Edmundo O. Estor1, Oliver E. Aligan1

    Keywords: cohesion, erosion, friction angle, N-value, Sagumayon River, settlement, slope failure, soil bearing capacity

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Engineering, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Education
    Global Citizenship Education in Bicol University Proposed Framework and Action Plan
    Vol. 23, Issue 2, 2020

    Abstract: Global citizenship education (GCED) is explicitly covered by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) under the Agenda 2030. As a multifaceted and flexible approach, GCED applies a lifelong learning perspective, covering all levels of education and into adulthood, thus countries and institutions may adopt both formal and informal approaches, curricular and extracurricular interventions, and conventional and unconventional pathways to participation. In support of this, it is important to determin...

    Authors: Rebecca Rosario O. Bercasio1, Aries S. Perez2

    Keywords: framework, GCED mainstreaming, institutional action plan, policy, SDG 4

    Afilliations: Center for Teaching Excellence, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF
  • H
  • Social Science
    HISTORICAL NARRATIVES OF THE SPANISH HERITAGE CHURCHES IN ALBAY: PLATFORM FOR PROMOTING BIKOL CULTURE AND HERITAGE
    Vol. 20, Issue 1, 2017

    Abstract: As cultural heritage reflects the historical origin of a certain group of people, it reveals the customs, traits, beliefs, practices and even values they hold on for years. One of the tangible examples of cultural heritage is the physical structures including the century old churches. The study looked into the existing historical narratives of the century old Catholic churches: the Nuestra Señora de Salvacion in Joroan, Tiwi, Albay; the Our Lady of the Gate in Daraga, Albay; the San Juan de Bau...

    Authors: Ruby Ann L. Ayo1

    Keywords: historical narratives, century old churches, cultural heritage, Bikol culture

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Social Science and Philosophy, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Education
    Home Environment and Achievement Motivation and their Effect on the Academic Performance of Selected Students of PSHS-BRC
    Vol. 26, Issue 1, 2023

    Abstract: The family has an important role in children’s cognitive performance and academic achievement (Alves, Gomes, Martins, & Almeida, 2017) while achievement motivation is positively correlated to academic achievement (Fini & Yousefzadeh, 2011; Amrai, Motlagh, Zalini & Parhon, 2011; Wang & Lin, 2008; Chowdhury & Shahabuddin, 2007; Hasan & Sarkar, 2018). Using case study method, this study aimed to determine the home environment and achievement motivation of selected students of PSHS BRC, and how t...

    Authors: Julius Jose O. Bercasio1, Mary Angelyn A. Balce1, Camille Anne O. Barcoma1

    Keywords: home environment, achievement motivation, academic performance, commonalities

    Afilliations: Philippine Science High School - Bicol Region Campus, Goa, Camarines Sur, 4422, Philippines1

    PDF
  • I
  • Philosophy
    IMPACT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERVENTION FOR ABUSED CHILDREN WITH LEGAL PROCESS
    Vol. 20, Issue 1, 2017

    Abstract: Children need to receive multidisciplinary interventions to recover from traumatic experiences. Along with the trauma, children are involved in the legal system to pursue criminal cases against their perpetrators. This is another challenge as these children face alleged perpetrators, relive traumatic experiences and be under scrutiny in testifying during case proceedings. However, children with legal proceedings usually receive biases and little consistency in the treatment of abuse. Despite the...

    Authors: Salvacion L. Villafuerte1

    Keywords: abused children, psychological intervention, children with legal proceedings, child protection, forensic psychology

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Social Science and Philosophy, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Teacher Education
    Identification and Validation of Themes for a Thematic Instructional Model on the Philippine K to 12 Junior Science Curriculum
    Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2022

    Abstract: In the attempt to provide an alternative mode to deliver the competencies of the Philippine K to 12 Junior Science Curriculum, the researchers explored thematic instruction. Cognizant to the process is the identification of the themes for the pedagogy. The researchers used a qualitative research design with document analysis procedures for the identification of the theme and expert interviews for its validation. Upon the document analysis of the different curricular reforms in the Philippines, f...

    Authors: Darryl Roy T. Montebon1, Antriman V. Orleans2

    Keywords: Thematic Instruction, Thematic Instructional Model, Philippine K to 12 Curriculum, Science Education

    Afilliations: Institute of Teaching and Learning, Philippine Normal University, Manila, NCR, Philippines1, College of Graduate Studies and Teacher Education Research, Philippine Normal University, Manila, NCR, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Information Technology
    Implementation of FishCORAL-PRSA Web-Based Information System for Asid Gulf Project
    Vol. 21, Issue 3, 2018

    Abstract: The Fisheries, Coastal Resources and Livelihood (FishCORAL) project of the Department of Agriculture – Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (DA-BFAR) aimed to address the alarming poverty incidence of the fishing communities and provide protection and conservation of coastal resources. This study developed and implemented a web-based information system designed to serve as repository of resources and socio-economic assessments for Asid Gulf. The study used Rational Unified Process (RUP) m...

    Authors: Benedicto B. Balilo Jr.1, Jayvee Christopher Vibar1, Davie Balmadrid1, Ronnel R. Dioneda Sr.2, Hanna Louis Maraña2, Darell James Sy3

    Keywords: Asid Gulf, GIS, Government project, Qualitative User Testing, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR)

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Science, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Research, Development and Management Division, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines2, Bicol University College of Agriculture and Forestry, Guinobatan, Albay, Philippines3

    PDF

  • Biology
    In Vitro Nematicidal Activities of Myxobacteria from Mt. Malinao, Philippines Against Caenorhabditis elegans
    Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2022

    Abstract: Secondary metabolites from microorganisms are good sources of natural products which can be utilized for various medical and biotechnological purposes. Several members of the bacterial group Myxobacteria are known to be prolific producers of secondary metabolites. Philippine forest soils are rich habitats for Myxobacteria which could produce secondary metabolites with potential novel biological activities. Soils from Mt. Makiling in Laguna and from Mt. Malinao in Albay were collected for the iso...

    Authors: Charmaine A. Malonzo1, Bernadette C. Mendoza2, Rosario G. Monsalud3, Ida F. Dalmacio4, Nacita B. Lantican4

    Keywords: secondary metabolites, Mt. Makiling, Mt. Malinao, nematicide, Myxococcus

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Science, Department of Biology, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of the Philippines Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines2, National Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (BIOTECH)-UPLB , Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines3, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of the Philippines, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines4

    PDF

  • Agriculture Farming
    Indigenous Knowledge System (IKS) in Crop Farming in Albay Province, Philippines: An Analysis for Validation Studies
    Vol. 23, Issue 2, 2020

    Abstract: The study aimed to identify, analyze and recommend validation studies for the indigenous knowledge systems (IKS) in crop farming in the province of Albay. Indigenous knowledge in farming refers to the knowledge that has been developed in the community which resulted from the farmers’ farming practices and experiences through time. Studying the IKS in farming can provide wider perspective and understanding of a particular community’s culture and history of survival in terms of food production...

    Authors: Lester M. Narvaez1

    Keywords: Crop farming, Indigenous knowledge system, Validation study

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Agriculture and Forestry, Guinobatan, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Health
    Infant Health Beliefs and Practices of Mothers in Taysan Resettlement Site in Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines
    Vol. 21, Issue 1, 2018

    Abstract: This study is in response to the nation’s continued commitment to improve the health outcomes of Filipino children. It is an attempt to contribute to the sustainable development goal on good health and well-being (SDG 3) aimed at reducing the neonatal mortality rate in the country. This study determined the profile of mothers in the resettlement site of barangay Taysan in Legazpi City as well as their infant health beliefs and practices. It utilized the descriptive survey method and questionna...

    Authors: Esther S. Valladolid1

    Keywords: Colostrum, Infant, Feeding, Hygiene, Healing

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Nursing, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Health
    Input-Throughput-Output Analysis of Water Resources in Sorsogon City, Philippines
    Vol. 21, Issue 2, 2018

    Abstract: Water is vital in sustaining life and will become increasingly critical in the long run, considering the constant population growth and economic development of a city. The study aimed to measure the input, throughput, and output of Sorsogon City along water and sanitation. Water and sanitation data were obtained from Sorsogon City Mayor’s office and Sorsogon City Water District (SCWD) office. Data were also gathered through key informant interviews with SCWD personnel, city health officer, pub...

    Authors: Richard L. Bartolata1

    Keywords: Urban, Metabolism Framework, Material Flow, Waste Water, Water District

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Nursing, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Teacher Education
    Integrating Environmental Education in the English Education Curriculum
    Vol. 24, Issue 3, 2021

    Abstract: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of EE mainstreaming in the English Education courses of the Teacher Education program in the member universities of the National Network of Normal Schools (3NS). It specifically aimed to develop a curriculum guide on integrating EE in the English Education courses, to determine the effectiveness of the EE-enriched English Education lessons in enhancing the environmental competence of the pre-service teachers, and to identify the good practices in i...

    Authors: Rebecca Rosario O. Bercasio1, Merriam P. Maldo2, Gerald Hanley P. Maldo1

    Keywords: Environmental education, English education courses, Integrative approach, good practices, Teacher education

    Afilliations: Center for Teaching Excellence, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Bicol University College of Education, Department of Teacher Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF
  • K
  • Health
    Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices on Exclusive Breastfeeding in the Workplace of Bicol University Female Personnel
    Vol. 25, Issue 2, 2022

    Abstract: This study is an institutional-based descriptive KAP survey utilizing pretested, structured questionnaires. thee results of this survey are deemed helpful to the administrators, policymakers, and managers of Bicol University when planning educational interventions on breastfeeding in the workplace. Of the 300 female Bicol University (BU) personnel of the reproductive age, 35% had a low level of knowledge, 29% had moderate knowledge and only 24% got a high level of knowledge on exclusive breastfe...

    Authors: Richard L. Bartolata1

    Keywords: mothers, infants, breast milk, colostrum, promotion

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Nursing, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF
  • L
  • Language
    Language Usage and Interaction in the Sangguniang Panlalawigan ng Camarines Norte
    Vol. 26, Issue 1, 2023

    Abstract: The majority of Bicolanos are trilingual. This reality is observed in the Sangguniang Panlalawigan regular sessions in the province of Camarines Norte, as this study will show. With the aims of describing language usage and interaction in the province, this paper analyzes transcriptions of regular sessions of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan ng Camarines Norte, via content analysis of code switches using Poplack’s distinction of types and Gumperz’ list of conversational functions. Findings sh...

    Authors: Ma. Celina Eladia G. Meneses1

    Keywords: Code-switching, Language policies, Multilingualism, Philippine languages

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Arts and Letters, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Teacher Education
    Learner-Centered Acts of 'Academic Care' within the Practice of Teacher-Centred Instruction of Rural Teachers in Bicol
    Vol. 23, Issue 2, 2020

    Abstract: As the Philippines mandated a shift to learner-centered education as part of its K to 12 reform policy, pedagogical issues on the perceived polarization between good (learner-centered) and bad (traditional teachercentered) teaching in the country arise. With this research problem, this study used ethnographic research methods in exploring how academic care is embedded within the teacher-centered practice of whole-class lectures of rural teachers in one high school class in Bicol. Ethnographic d...

    Authors: Julie Lucille Del Valle1

    Keywords: learner-centered education, cultural impediments; good pedagogy, Philippine education; teacher-centered instruction, disadvantaged rural schools, Bicol education, student-teacher relationships, academic care

    Afilliations: College of Education, Ateneo de Naga University, Naga City, Camarines Sur, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Education
    Level of Competence of Environmental Education Concepts and Principles of Students from the National Network of Normal Schools (3NS)
    Vol. 22, Issue 2, 2019

    Abstract: One of the goals of environmental education is to develop environmentally literate citizens who are equipped with awareness, knowledge, attitudes and skills to make informed and responsible decisions and participate in resolving environmental challenges. Pre-service teacher education is one avenue to promote environmental literacy, hence, there is a need to adequately train pre-service teachers so they can achieve the professional competencies of an environmentally educated person and educator. ...

    Authors: Maria Eden A. Ante1

    Keywords: environmental education, EE integration, environmental concepts and principles

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF
  • M
  • Health
    MATERNAL HEALTH BELIEFS AND PRACTICES IN INFANT HEALTH CARE
    Vol. 20, Issue 1, 2017

    Abstract: Reducing the infant and maternal mortality and morbidity rates of the country through education is of primordial concern. Using the descriptive survey method, this study aimed to determine the health beliefs and practices of mothers on infant feeding, hygiene and care of sick infant; determine conformance to Essential Newborn Care protocols; and identify implications of health beliefs and practices on the health of infant. Data were gathered through questionnaire-checklist from sixty-eight (68) ...

    Authors: Lucilyn C. Ebuenga1

    Keywords: maternal health beliefs, health practices, infant health care

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Nursing, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Education Environment
    Mainstreaming of Environmental Education in the Physical Science Courses of Bicol University College of Education
    Vol. 21, Issue 2, 2018

    Abstract: The main objective of the study is mainstreaming an environmental education (EE) program in the Bachelor in Secondary Education (BSED) curriculum of Bicol University College of Education and determining its effectiveness in developing awareness and understanding of environmental concepts and principles. The study utilized mixed methods of research, specifically the developmental-descriptiveevaluative method in the development of the curriculum guide for physical science courses. The curriculum ...

    Authors: Maria Eden A. Ante1

    Keywords: curriculum guide, EE integration, Physical Science lessons, environmental concepts and principles

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Teacher Education
    Mainstreaming of Environmental Education in the Professional Education Courses
    Vol. 24, Issue 3, 2021

    Abstract: This study pilot-tested the Professional Education lessons integrated with environmental concepts and principles using the DENR EE materials among the 35 third Teacher Education students of Bicol University College of Industrial Technology during the first semester of the school year 2016-2017. Data were gathered using a validated researcher-made Self-assessment Tool on Environmental Principles and a Test on Environmental Concepts and Principles consisting of modified identification and multiple...

    Authors: Rebecca Rosario O. Bercasio1

    Keywords: Environmental Competence, Environmental Education, Integrative Approach, Professional Education Courses, Teacher Education

    Afilliations: Center for Teaching Excellence, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Heritage
    Mapping of the Tangible and Intangible Heritage of Tabaco City, Philippines
    Vol. 23, Issue 1, 2020

    Abstract: Cultural heritage mapping is an important process towards heritage preservation and protection, and a vital step in establishing and maintaining a cultural property. This paper determined the tangible and intangible cultural heritage of Tabaco City, Philippines, and the local initiatives in conserving its cultural heritage. Purposive cultural mapping which was adopted from the Cultural Mapping Framework of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts was employed by this study. Furthermore, ...

    Authors: Edgardo L. Besmonte1

    Keywords: National Heritage Act of 2009, cultural mapping, cultural significance, conservation efforts, heritage inventory

    Afilliations: Center for Teaching Excellence, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Heritage
    Mapping the Cultural Heritage and the Relevance of Mayon Volcano to the Locals of Santo Domingo, Albay, Philippines
    Vol. 23, Issue 2, 2020

    Abstract: The objective of the study was to document the tangible and intangible cultural heritage of the communities surrounding the Mayon Volcano Natural Park (MVNP) in Sto. Domingo, Albay. Specifically, it aimed to 1) map the significant tangible immovable cultural heritage associated with MVNP; 2) map the significant tangible movable cultural heritage associated with MVNP; and 3) map the significant intangible cultural heritage related to MVNP such as, but not limited to, oral traditions, social pract...

    Authors: Cesar A. Arao1

    Keywords: Heritage, Mayon Volcano, Santo Domingo

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Social Sciences and Philosophy, Department of Political Science, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Heritage
    Mayon Volcano Cultural Heritage as a Source of Place Identity in Guinobatan, Albay, Philippines
    Vol. 23, Issue 1, 2020

    Abstract: This paper explored the influence of the Mayon Volcano in the cultural identity of the residents of Guinobatan, Albay [Philippines], and attempted to connect its Cultural Heritage Assets (CHAs), with topophilia (love of place), and the sense of place. CHAs with links to Mayon Volcano were identified and profiled through a cultural mapping methodology, and the cultural center (hotspot) of Guinobatan was identified. Hotspots of settlements were identified and were subjected to proximity analysis w...

    Authors: Carlo Gabriel R. Abante1

    Keywords: Cultural Mapping, Place Identity, Hotspot, GIS

    Afilliations: Research, Development and Management Division, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Health
    Medicinal Plants Utilized by the Traditional Healers and their Patients in Bicol Region, Philippines
    Vol. 25, Issue 2, 2022

    Abstract: The study determined the healing potential of the medicinal plants used by healers in the Bicol Region, Philippines. Data were gathered from 30 traditional healers and 300 patients. A traditional healer and ten of their patients were selected purposively per municipality from the four remote municipalities of each province in the region. Data were gathered employing interviews and Focus Group Discussions. Ethnobotanical indices such as Frequency index, Fidelity level, and Factor of Informant con...

    Authors: Alma S. Banua1

    Keywords: Bicol, ethnobotany, Healing potential, Medicinal plants, Momordica charantia, Philippines, Sandoricum koetjape

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Nursing, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF
  • N
  • Food Nutrition
    Nutritional Analysis of Bicol Region’s Smoked Round Scad (Decapterus macrosoma) and Pinangat Products
    Vol. 21, Issue 2, 2018

    Abstract: The study was carried out to determine proximate content of the Bicol One Town One Product (OTOP) smoked round scad (Decapterus macrosoma) and pinangat and evaluate their nutrient content based on the Philippine Dietary Reference Intakes (PDRI) for selected age groups. Smoked fish samples were gathered from the two largest producers in Mercedes, Camarines Norte, while the pinangat samples were obtained from three Department of Trade and Industry (DTI)-accredited OTOP producers in Camalig, Albay....

    Authors: Ivane N. Malaluan1, Grace L. Aytona2, Jeffrey D. Peregrino2, Charmaine A. Malonzo3

    Keywords: Colacasia esculenta L., OTOP, proximate analysis, round scad, mineral composition

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Science, Department of Chemistry, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Regional Center for Food Safety and Quality Assurance, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines2, Bicol University College of Science, Department of Biology, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines3

    PDF
  • O
  • Education
    Outcomes-Based Curricular Review of a Graduate Program Using Curriculum Quality Audit Methodology
    Vol. 24, Issue 1, 2021

    Abstract: This study is a curricular review of a graduate program to determine its alignment to Outcomes-Based Education and 21st-century learning frameworks. The review was done through curriculum quality audit using curriculum mapping, content analysis, and expert evaluation of the course syllabi of the graduate program specialization courses. Data shows a partial alignment of the academic courses to program and graduate education outcomes and partial constructive alignment among outcomes, activities, a...

    Authors: Lorna M. Miña1, Rebecca Rosario O. Bercasio2, Helen M. Llenaresas1

    Keywords: Curricular Alignment, Curriculum Assessment, Graduate Education Curriculum Mapping, Curricular Revision

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1, Center for Teaching Excellence, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF
  • P
  • Literature
    Pagpapalaganap sa Edukasyong Pangkalikasan sa mga Kursong Edukasyong Filipino
    Vol. 22, Issue 2, 2019

    Abstract: The study aimed to promote Bicol University’s environmental education in the National Network of Normal Schools (3NS). Using descriptive research, it highlighted the development of tools for environmental education (EP) among Filipino Education students. Included are the following national universities: Bukidnon State University, Mariano Marcos State University, Palawan State University, Pangasinan State University, Philippine Normal University and Visayas State University. Initial analysis wa...

    Authors: Leticia M. Lopez1

    Keywords: Environmental Education (EP), Curriculum Guide, Education Courses Major in Filipino Education, Planning Session

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Arts and Letters, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Policy Studies
    Perceptions of Fishermen Households on a Community-based Coastal Resource Management Area: The Case of Asid Gulf, Masbate, Philippines
    Vol. 24, Issue 2, 2021

    Abstract: This study analyzed the perceptions of fishermen households on fishery resources, the effectiveness of coastal resource management (CRM), and the enforcement of fishery regulations. Face-to-face structured interviews were conducted with 257 sample households within the five municipalities facing the Asid Gulf, Masbate, Philippines. Fishers perceived lower current fish abundance and smaller fish size compared to five years ago. These observations are signs of a lack of effective management of fis...

    Authors: Emmanuel M. Preña1, Cherrylyn P. Labayo1

    Keywords: Asid Gulf, coastal resource management, fishers’ perception

    Afilliations: Center for Policy Studies and Development, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Education Language
    Phonological, Lexical, and Morphological Analysis of the Philippine East Miraya Bikol-Pilar Dialect
    Vol. 21, Issue 1, 2018

    Abstract: The paper describes the vowel phonemes of the Pilar variety of East Miraya Bikol spoken in the Philippines. It also reports on the level of mutual intelligibility of this variety with other East Miraya dialects, and identifies its more common derivational and inflectional morphemes. It employed five instruments: the Swadesh list, the Praat, the JPlot Formant, the Pear Film, and the Math 139 Frequency Counter. Many Bikol speakers do not distinguish between [É›] vs. [i], and [É”] vs. [u] in pronou...

    Authors: Angela E. Lorenzana1

    Keywords: Phonology, Lexicon, Morphology, East Miraya, Philippines

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Fisheries
    Physics Principles Gleaned from the Indigenous Fishing Practices of Fisherfolks in Santo Domingo, Albay, Philippines
    Vol. 24, Issue 2, 2021

    Abstract: This study used ethnography through direct field observation and immersion, interviews and described the principles of physics as manifested in the fishing practices of the fisherfolks of coastal barangays in Sto. Domingo, Albay. The objective of the study is to identify the indigenous fishing practices and the related physics concepts. The indigenous fishing practices of fishermen that have Physics applications are: Paghikot (net fishing): net fishing by walking and net fishing with the use of ...

    Authors: Al B. Besmonte1, Lorna M. Miña2

    Keywords: Fishing Techniques, Indigenous Science, Physics

    Afilliations: Regional Center for Science and Mathematics Education, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Bicol University College of Education, Daraga, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Engineering Topography
    Physiological and Hydrological Characteristics of Sagumayon River Traversing Bicol University Main Campus, Legazpi City
    Vol. 21, Issue 1, 2018

    Abstract: The Sagumayon River stretches from Daraga, Albay, traversing Bicol University Main Campus at the rear portion, winding through the Albay district area and spilling out into the sea through the Macabalo River. The physical condition and usage of the Sagumayon River has changed drastically through the years because of pollution, climate change, and societal pressures. Considering future expansion, Bicol University has the opportunity to develop unused lots beyond the Sagumayon River in the souther...

    Authors: Jefferson M. Capriano1

    Keywords: cross-sectional capacity, discharge, flooding, maximum flow, minimum flow, velocity

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Engineering, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Fisheries
    Positive Effect of Suspended Culture to the Growth of Pectinids
    Vol. 22, Issue 2, 2019

    Abstract: Scallop production from the wild is undeniably declining due to the natural and man-made perturbations. With this, aquaculture seems to be an essential way to restore and meet the economic demand in marine molluscs, which is one of the important sources of highly nutritious animal protein. Scallop culture falls into two categories: suspended and bottom culture. Though studies are available comparing the growth between these two different culture methods, information on the effect size as a quant...

    Authors: Christian D. Cabiles1, Victor S. Soliman2

    Keywords: culture method, growth variability, suspended and bottom culture

    Afilliations: Catanduanes State University-Panganiban Campus, Panganiban, Catanduanes, Philippines1, Coastal Resources Management Section, Bicol Universtity Tabaco Camppus, Tabaco City, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Solid Waste
    Potential of Solid Waste Compost and Spent Mushroom Substrate in Earthfill Quarry Topsoil Rehabilitation
    Vol. 26, Issue 1, 2023

    Abstract: The increasing number of quarry activities in the Philippines has been causing extensive soil damage, altering its properties, and affecting the soil’s post-mining productivity. This problem was established in this study where earthfill quarried topsoil (QT) in Gubat, Sorsogon, Philippines, showed diminished soil physicochemical characteristics compared to sampled nearby topsoil with undisturbed vegetation (NQT). This study further assessed the potential of two compost materials, i.e., solid w...

    Authors: Colleen E. Consuelo1, Jan Britzmaine C. Meulio1, Kenneth Raymund B. Garcia1, Karen M. Pelaez1, Clint Bernard C. Bulawan1, Mary Louise N. Rapsing1, Cezar Joshua T. Badiola1, Joseph Martin Q. Paet2

    Keywords: Soil Fertility, Central Composite Design, Rice Growth

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Engineering, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Research, Development and Management Division, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Social Science Health
    Prevalence of Mental Health Issues in Adolescents During the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Vol. 25, Issue 2, 2022

    Abstract: The Psychological outbreak brought by the Covid-19 pandemic has challenged the mental health of adolescents. The study determined the prevalence of adolescents’ mental health issues as to anxiety and depression and the factors associated with them. Descriptive-correlational design through survey technique was used as the method. Respondents were Bicol University college students (588) from different colleges. Results revealed that the prevalence of adolescents’ mental health issues as to anx...

    Authors: Rudya A. Roallos1

    Keywords: prevalence, mental health, issues, adolescents, Positive Psychology

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Social Science and Philosophy, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Health
    Psychosocial and Routine Lifestyle Activities of the Bicol University Teaching Workforce
    Vol. 25, Issue 2, 2022

    Abstract: The Bicol University (BU) teaching personnel’s lifestyle choices are challenged by their psychosocial and routine activities. Hence, this study determined the health status of respondents, their lifestyle choices along psychosocial activities with colleagues/friends, and routine activities with family, and identified strategies BU may implement to address lifestyle concerns. Study employed quantitative survey which utilized stratified random sampling, inclusion criteria, and informed consent. ...

    Authors: Maria Della C. Rañeses1, Rolenz Derick R. Cruz2

    Keywords: Health Status, Lifestyle Choices, Psychosocial and Routine Activities, Teaching Personnel, University Health Initiatives

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Nursing, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Bicol University College of Industrial Technology, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF
  • Q
  • Engineering
    Qualifying Factor Effects on the Antibiotic Removal Capacity of Titania Impregnated Adsorbents Through An Empirical Model
    Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2022

    Abstract: This work focused on the development of an empirical model which encapsulated factor effects and factor interactions that affect the capacity of titanium dioxide (IV) (titania) impregnated rice husk ash (RHA) and coco coir dust (CCD) to remove amoxicillin dissolve in aqueous solution. Variables that were considered in this work were the following: initial amoxicillin concentration (ppm), time (min), titania impregnated adsorbent dosage (mg), and type of adsorbent (RHA and CCD). A 16 run ...

    Authors: John Raymond B. Barajas1, Arpon T. Lucero Jr.1

    Keywords: titania, adsorbent, antibiotics, empirical model

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF
  • R
  • Food Agriculture
    Rice Lesion Mimic Mutant (LMM) 6321-2 Exhibits Resistance Against Rice Blast (Magnaporthe oryzae) via Increased Hypersensitive Response
    Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2022

    Abstract: Hypersensitive response (HR) is a key feature of plant immunity that sacrifices through programmed cell death (PCD) the already infected cells and thereby restricts the growth and further invasion of pathogens. Rice (Oryza sativa) lesion mimic mutants (LMM) manifest disease phenotype in the absence of pathogen and are monocots’ model organisms in unraveling the molecular mechanism of HR-induced PCD. The LMM 6321-2 used in this study was from an ethyl methanesulfonate-generated mutant accession...

    Authors: Joseph Martin Q. Paet1, Bo Zhou2, Mary Jeanie T. Yanoria3, Rina B. Opulencia4

    Keywords: gene expression, programmed cell death, resistance, ROS

    Afilliations: Research, Development and Management Division, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations2, International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines3, University of the Philippines Los Baños, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines4

    PDF
  • S
  • Psychology
    School-Based Psychosocial Intervention Program for Disaster-Related Trauma in Albay, Philippines
    Vol. 22, Issue 1, 2019

    Abstract: This study aimed to design a school-based psychosocial intervention program for disaster-related trauma in Albay as a psychosocial support to promote mental health in times of disasters. Likewise, this study aimed to prepare a module for the program developed, and present the proposed program using the module for preparedness and response. Developmental-evaluative method of research through expert panel evaluation, survey, interview techniques, and workshop sessions as well as focused group disc...

    Authors: Rudya A. Roallos1

    Keywords: disaster and trauma, resilience, school-based psychosocial intervention program

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Social Science and Philosophy, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Culture
    Sense of Place of Polangui, Albay, Philippines: Identification of Its Significant Cultural Properties
    Vol. 24, Issue 1, 2021

    Abstract: Cultural heritage is an expression of the ways of living developed by a community and passed on from generation to generation. This includes customs, practices, places, objects, artistic expressions and values. It plays an essential role in society, and knowing its importance gives the people connection to the past, present and future generations, and its function in building a strong nation and its identity. The aim of this research is to record and profile the cultural properties adopting the ...

    Authors: Janet I. Triunfante1

    Keywords: Culture, Cultural identity, Cultural mapping, Cultural significance, Intangible and tangible heritage

    Afilliations: Publication and Knowledge Management Division, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Demographics
    Socio-Demographic Profile and Employment Status of Bicol University College of Arts and Letters Graduates (2008-2010)
    Vol. 21, Issue 3, 2018

    Abstract: A pressing concern in higher education is the employability of graduates. Higher education institutions (HEIs) are turning out 465,000 graduates every year on the average. Aside from the issue on the absorptive capacity of the labor market based on its required knowledge, skills, attitude and values, the quality of graduates is also an issue. The challenge is for HEIs to determine the relevance of curricular programs and their potential job marketability. Research-based approaches and strategies...

    Authors: Reina O. Habalo1

    Keywords: Curricula, Employability, Enhancement, Policy, Recommendations

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Arts and Letters, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Policy Studies
    Socioeconomic Conditions of Coastal Communities Along Albay Gulf, Bicol Region, Philippines
    Vol. 24, Issue 1, 2021

    Abstract: The study sought to provide information on the socioeconomic condition of fishing households along Albay Gulf. There were 83 coastal barangays and 401 sample households covered in the seven selected municipalities of the Bicol Region, Eastern Philippines. Results revealed that fishing households in Albay Gulf are facing several challenges that push them to abject poverty. Lack of access to alternative livelihood was evidenced by a small percentage of households engaged in entrepreneurial activit...

    Authors: Cherrylyn P. Labayo1, Emmanuel M. Preña1

    Keywords: Albay Gulf, alternative livelihood, fishing households, poverty

    Afilliations: Center for Policy Studies and Development, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Fisheries
    Stakeholders Perception on Crab Lying-in Hatchery Technology as Resource Enhancement Strategy for Swimming Crabs in Selected Coastal Municipalities in Bicol
    Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2022

    Abstract: This paper provides an analysis of the stakeholder’s perception about the crab-lying in technology as a resource enhancement strategy for swimming crabs. The study was implemented in collaboration with regional State Universities and Colleges. Data collection was carried out from a randomly selected 58 key informant-respondents. The interview consists of four major aspects, which include knowledge, attitude, practices and perception. All data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Result ...

    Authors: Plutomeo M. Nieves1, Arnulfo P. Malinis2, Carryl Dioneda2

    Keywords: lying-in hatchery technology, swimming crabs, resource enhancement, swimming crab fisheries management

    Afilliations: Bicol University Tabaco Campus, Department of Fisheries, Tabaco City, Albay, Philippines1, Center for Technology Commercialization and Enterprise Development, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Education
    Status of Compliance of Higher Education Institutions in Bataan to a Barrier-Free School Environment for Persons with Disability
    Vol. 23, Issue 1, 2020

    Abstract: This multiple case study aimed to identify the status of compliance of selected higher education institutions (HEIs) to a barrier-free school environment for persons with disability (PWD) during academic year 2018–2019. The participants of the study included school heads, director and chairperson of the office of the student affairs, guidance officers, PWD students and alumni, and PWD teachers who were chosen using purposive sampling method. The research locales of the study were the three HEI...

    Authors: Job D. Paguio1, Lourdes S. Santos2

    Keywords: barrier-free environment, inclusive environment, persons with disability

    Afilliations: Bataan Peninsula State University, City of Balanga, Bataan, Philippines1, Bataan Peninsula State University College of Education, City of Balanga, Bataan, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Business Economics
    Supply Chain Analysis of Dried Sardines in the Bicol Region, Philippines
    Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2022

    Abstract: The study assessed the existing supply chains for dried sardines and identified areas for improvement. The sites covered were the provinces of Camarines Sur, Sorsogon, and Masbate. There are five major supply chains for dried sardines in the Bicol region, with Granadino supply chain as the biggest. The processors generate the highest ROC while the fisherfolks incur net loss. The fisherfolks and the processors have very high-efficiency levels, while the traders have lower efficiency level. The pr...

    Authors: Viola L. Amano1, Julieta V. Mojados2

    Keywords: Dried sardines, supply chain, supply chain analysis

    Afilliations: Bicol University Jesse M. Robredo Institute of Governance and Development, Department of Technology & Entrepreneur, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Bicol University College of Business, Economics and Management, Department of Entrepreneur, Daraga, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF
  • T
  • Heritage
    Tangible Immovable Heritage of Legazpi City, Philippines: Significance to Cultural Tourism
    Vol. 23, Issue 1, 2020

    Abstract: This study was conducted to document the tangible immovable heritage (TIH) with significance to Mayon Volcano in the geographical landscape of Legazpi City, Albay, for sustainable cultural tourism development. The researcher employed the purposive sampling technique and qualitative research method utilizing the standard method and survey forms from the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) on cultural mapping focused on cultural heritage with a clear connection to Mayon Volcano. Th...

    Authors: Elizabeth E. Alfane1

    Keywords: cultural heritage, cultural mapping, heritage management plan, sustainable tourism

    Afilliations: Extension Management Division, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Health
    The Bicol University COVID-19 Study on the Clinicodemographic Profile, Extent of Exposures, Vaccination, and Predictors of Outcomes Among its Employees: A Retrospective Cohort Study
    Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2022

    Abstract: The Bicol University COVID-19 Study on the Clinicodemographic Profile, Extent of Exposures, Vaccination, and Predictors of Outcomes Among its Employees: A Retrospective Cohort Study

    Authors: Offelia S. Sy1

    Keywords: Bicol University, cohort analysis, mortality rate, pandemic, personnel, predictors, risk factors

    Afilliations: Bicol Consortium for Health Research and Development, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Fisheries
    The Eel Fishery in Tributaries Along Lagonoy Gulf: Implications for Management and Conservation
    Vol. 24, Issue 1, 2021

    Abstract: This study provides a discussion of the eel fishery in the tributaries and rivers along Lagonoy Gulf primarily to formulate management and conservation strategies supportive of the economic potentials and sustainability of the resources. Data collection employed key informant interview and focus group discussion to collect fishery-based data together with the collection of 300 samples per month. Caudal cutaneous pigmentation method was used in species identification. GIS map was prepared to iden...

    Authors: Plutomeo M. Nieves1, Antonino B. Mendoza Jr.2, Raul G. Bradecina3, John Christopher C. Nolial2, Niño C. Celestial2, Satoshi Kubota4, Katrina L. Canon4

    Keywords: modified fyke net, ichthyotoxic plant, caudal cutaneous pigmentation, and glass eel

    Afilliations: Bicol University Tabaco Campus, Department of Fisheries, Tabaco City, Albay, Philippines1, Bicol University Tabaco Campus, Tabaco City, Albay, Philippines2, Partido State University, Goa, Camarines Sur, Philippines3, Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Kochi University, Kochi City, Kochi, Japan4

    PDF

  • Literature
    The Internationalization of Bicol University: An Analysis
    Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2022

    Abstract: This paper aimed to assess the level of Bicol University in the internationalization in higher education and looked into the profile of Bicol University in terms of the ten internationalization domains: a) student mobility; b) faculty mobility; c) institutional linkages; d) research; e) international presence; f) internationalization at home; g) regional connectivity; h) ranking; i) curriculum; and j) planning for internationalization. This research used the Network-based Internationalization Th...

    Authors: Indira B. Tabo1

    Keywords: Internationalization, cross-border education, transnational education

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Arts and Letters, Department of Print and Broadcast Media, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Untagged
    The Practicality and Applicability of Using Indigenous Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation in Four Municipalities in the Province of Sorsogon, Philippines
    Vol. 23, Issue 2, 2020

    Abstract: Through a phenomenological approach, this study puts into writing traditional knowledge and practices related to disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change in Sorsogon province. Elderly participants from the municipalities of Prieto Diaz, Casiguran, Irosin, and Sta. Magdalena were engaged in a series of focus group discussions (FGD) between February and June 2014. The indigenous technologies collected reflected Deken’s four pillars of local knowledge in disaster preparedness wher...

    Authors: Maria Elma L. Mirandilla1

    Keywords: disaster preparedness, indigenous knowledge, resilience, weather superstitions, traditional practices

    Afilliations: Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF

  • Literature
    Threats and Mechanisms in Preserving the Oral Literature of the Aeta Magbukon of Bataan, Philippines
    Vol. 22, Issue 1, 2019

    Abstract: This focused ethnographic research explored the threats faced by the Aeta Magbukon of Bataan in the Philippines in preserving their oral literature, as well as their indigenous mechanisms in preserving this cultural heritage. Data triangulation, which included field notes, in-depth semi-structured interview, and focused-group discussion, was used. Six elders of the tribe served as key informants of the study while the Aeta personnel of the National Commission on Indigenous People (NCIP)–Bataan...

    Authors: Job D. Paguio1, John Albert R. Dela Rosa2

    Keywords: Aeta, challenges, documentation, oral literature, preservation, threats

    Afilliations: Bataan Peninsula State University, City of Balanga, Bataan, Philippines1, Justice Emilio A. Gancayco Memorial High School, Orion, Bataan, Philippines2

    PDF
  • U
  • Literature
    Unfolding the Tres Marias of Bataan, Philippines
    Vol. 24, Issue 2, 2021

    Abstract: The study emanates from the initial retrieval and documentation of Bataan literature previously conducted by the researchers. The data-gathering process has resurfaced the outstanding contributions of three homegrown lady writers whose works are preserved by digitized online libraries worldwide aside from the National and university libraries. The research framework affirmed that Hilaria Labog (1890- 1962), Rosalia Aguinaldo (1892-1962), and Nieves Baens-del Rosario (1902-1986) have produced vol...

    Authors: Loida L. Garcia1, Lorna Roldan2, Vonhoepper N. Ferrer3

    Keywords: fictionists, Filipinnovation, homegrown, humanities, retrieval

    Afilliations: Bataan Peninsula State University College of Education, Dinalupihan, Bataan, Philippines1, Bataan Peninsula State University, City of Balanga, Bataan, Philippines2, Bataan Peninsula State University College of Arts and Letters, City of Balanga, Bataan, Philippines3

    PDF
  • V
  • Business
    Value Chain Analysis of Carpet Shell (Baduy) in the Province of Sorsogon, Philippines
    Vol. 22, Issue 2, 2019

    Abstract: The study was designed to assess the value chains of carpet shell and identify areas for improvement. The sites covered were the municipalities along Sorsogon Bay, in the province of Sorsogon, Philippines. It employed the tracer methodology. Only the traders and fisherfolks connected to the concessionaires and exporters were selected as respondents. Primary data were gathered through semi-structured questionnaires. Secondary data were used to establish a good understanding of the carpet shell in...

    Authors: Julieta V. Mojados1, Viola L. Amano2

    Keywords: carpet shell, value chain, value chain analysis

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Business, Economics and Management, Department of Entrepreneur, Daraga, Albay, Philippines1, Bicol University Jesse M. Robredo Institute of Governance and Development, Department of Technology & Entrepreneur, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF

  • Entrepreneurship Business
    Value Chain Analysis of Pen Shell (Baloko) in the Province of Sorsogon, Philippines
    Vol. 21, Issue 3, 2018

    Abstract: Sorsogon Bay is home to the pen shell (Atrina pectinata), locally known as Baloko. This study was designed to assess the existing value chains of pen shell and identify areas for improvement. The sites covered were the municipalities along Sorsogon Bay in the province of Sorsogon, Philippines. It employed the tracer methodology where only the processors and fisherfolks connected to the traders were selected as respondents of the study. Primary data were gathered through semi-structured questionn...

    Authors: Viola L. Amano1, Julieta V. Mojados2

    Keywords: Atrina pectinata, pen shell, value chain, value chain analysis

    Afilliations: Bicol University Jesse M. Robredo Institute of Governance and Development, Department of Technology & Entrepreneur, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1, Bicol University College of Business, Economics and Management, Department of Entrepreneur, Daraga, Albay, Philippines2

    PDF
  • W
  • Health
    Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Situation in Bicol University, Albay, Philippines
    Vol. 22, Issue 1, 2019

    Abstract: The Philippines is committed to “achieve universal and equitable access to adequate, safe, affordable drinking water and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all by 2030” (SDG 6). Thus, this study attempted to assess the water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) situation of Bicol University (BU) in terms of existing water facilities and water quality, sanitation, and hand washing facilities; the ratio of female and male students and personnel to WASH facilities; and the risks for contamination ...

    Authors: Richard L. Bartolata1

    Keywords: microbiological, risk assessment, students, university, WASH facilities

    Afilliations: Bicol University College of Nursing, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines1

    PDF
About

CHED-JIP Recognized Journal as per CMO NO. 50, s. 2018.

Contact Info

Higher Education Regional Research Center, Bicol University East Campus, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines

Subscribe to our newsletter

Monthly digest of what's new and exciting from us.

© Bicol University. All Rights Reserved.

Made with ThemeSelection