About the Journal
The BU R&D Journal is a n a nnual multidisciplina ry journal ma naged a nd published by Bicol University through the Publica tion a nd Knowledge Ma nagement Division under the Office of the Vice President for Resea rch, Development, a nd Extension. It a ims to dissemina te resea rch findings a nd recommenda tions, a nd thus contribute to a nd evolve educa tional, scientific, technological, cultural a nd psycho-sociohistorical knowledge. Papers submitted for publica tion will undergo a double-blind peer review before final approval for publica tion.
Contents of this journal may not be reproduced except for noncommercial, personal, educa tional, a nd resea rch purposes. Publica tion in the BU R&D Journal does not enta il a rticle processing cha rges (APCs), submission cha rges, pages cha rges, color cha rges, a nd a ny simila r cha rges for Bicol University (BU)-a ffilia ted a uthors. A minimal publica tion fee will be cha rged for non-BU a uthors.