Unfolding the Tres Marias of Bataan, Philippines


  • Loida L. Garcia
  • Lorna R. Roldan
  • Vonhoepper N. Ferrer


fictionists, Filipinnovation, homegrown, humanities, retrieval


The study emanates from the initial retrieval and documentation of Bataan literature previously conducted by the researchers. The data-gathering process has resurfaced the outstanding contributions of three homegrown lady writers whose works are preserved by digitized online libraries worldwide aside from the National and university libraries. The research framework affirmed that Hilaria Labog (1890-1962), Rosalia Aguinaldo (1892-1962), and Nieves Baens-del Rosario (1902-1986) have produced volumes of works particularly novels, novelettes, and short stories that are worthy of preservation and exploration. They proved to be highly-educated and distinguished authors whose patriarchal orientation failed to hamper their penchant for writing. In a national scope, the revival of the Bataan Tres Marias is in response to a pressing need to resurface the works of local writers in support of the Filipinnovation of literature advocated by the National Research Council of the Philippines. The Department of Education, on the other hand, calls for the contextualization of reading materials aptly suited to learners in every region. In a global interest, the revival of Labog, Aguinaldo, and del Rosario’s fictions transcend into the era of these remarkable women in the country’s period of three-fold conquests; the aftermath of Spanish occupation, the onset of American rule, and the much shorter but horrible Japanese invasion. Their narratives, when examined, are likely to mirror a diverse character of the men and women that shaped the present generation.