Bicol University R&D Journal

Official Refereed Journal of Bicol University

4500 Legazpi City,Philippines

Print ISSN: 0016-4139       Online ISSN: 2719-082X

Current Issue

Vol 26, Issue 1
August 2023

CHED-JIP Recognized Journal as per CMO NO. 50, s. 2018.

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Teacher Education

Learner-Centered Acts of 'Academic Care' within the Practice of Teacher-Centred Instruction of Rural Teachers in Bicol

Publisher: Bicol University

As the Philippines mandated a shift to learner-centered education as part of its K to 12 reform policy, pedagogical issues on the perceived polarization between good (learner-centered) and bad (traditional teachercentered) teaching in the country arise. With this research problem, this study used ethnographic research methods in exploring how academic care is embedded within the teacher-centered practice of whole-class lectures of rural teachers in one high school class in Bicol. Ethnographic data offered situated understanding on how teacher-centered pedagogies are valued by rural students both as practices of good teaching and enactments of academic care. This study culminates with a conclusion that the “academic caring,” which manifests a Bikolano cultural valuing of “pagmakulog” (a deep sense of personal and compassionate care among companions or “kaabay”) provides an important orientation toward understanding how learner-centered approaches could be articulated for the Bikolano context. While the K to 12 reform policy in the Philippines has strong directives to use prescribed instructional strategies for the country’s education to be “truly learnercentered,” this study forwards a notable finding that “academic caring” fostered through student-teacher relationships could offer a possibility which bridges the presumed dichotomy between learner-centered and teacher-centered pedagogies in the Philippines.

Julie Lucille Del Valle

learner-centered education
cultural impediments; good pedagogy
Philippine education; teacher-centered instruction
disadvantaged rural schools
Bicol education
student-teacher relationships
academic care

December 07, 2020

CHED-JIP Recognized Journal as per CMO NO. 50, s. 2018.

Contact Info

Higher Education Regional Research Center, Bicol University East Campus, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines

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