Bicol University R&D Journal

Official Refereed Journal of Bicol University

4500 Legazpi City,Philippines

Print ISSN: 0016-4139       Online ISSN: 2719-082X

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Vol 26, Issue 1
August 2023

CHED-JIP Recognized Journal as per CMO NO. 50, s. 2018.

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Biology

Descriptions of the antennal structures of the millipede Trigoniulus macropygus (Silvestri, 1897) (Spirobolida: Trigoniulidae) and centipede Scolopendra subspinipes (Leach, 1815) (Scolopendromorpha: Scolopendridae) using scanning electron microscopy

Publisher: Bicol University
Abstract

The antenna is one of the major channels for sensory reception vital for gathering environmental information. An antenna mainly consists of a scape, pedicel, and repeating segments of flagellomeres which collectively constitute the antennomere. These are covered with tiny hair-like projections called sensilla or sensory bristles which greatly increase the surface area of sensory reception. Structural imaging of the antennal features of Trigoniulus macropygus and Scolopendra subspinipes using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed the presence of two types of sensilla: sensilla trichodea and sensilla microtrichodea. Electron micrographs also revealed that the antennal structures vary significantly between organisms in terms of segmentation, sensillum density, length, and number of flagellomeres. It was also observed that sensillum density increases from the proximal end to the distal end of the antenna with reference to the head. The study also incorporated possible functions of these sensilla in both organisms.


Ric Ryan H. Regalado
Marielle D. Buiza
Moneth Claire B. Ibay
Veyari L. Ramirez
April Joy N. Belasa

Antenna
morphology
scanning electron microscopy
segmentation
sensilla
sensory reception

July 06, 2020
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CHED-JIP Recognized Journal as per CMO NO. 50, s. 2018.

Contact Info

Higher Education Regional Research Center, Bicol University East Campus, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines

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