Bicol University R&D Journal

Official Refereed Journal of Bicol University

4500 Legazpi City,Philippines

Print ISSN: 0016-4139       Online ISSN: 2719-082X

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August 2023

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Literature

Threats and Mechanisms in Preserving the Oral Literature of the Aeta Magbukon of Bataan, Philippines

Publisher: Bicol University
Abstract

This focused ethnographic research explored the threats faced by the Aeta Magbukon of Bataan in the Philippines in preserving their oral literature, as well as their indigenous mechanisms in preserving this cultural heritage. Data triangulation, which included field notes, in-depth semi-structured interview, and focused-group discussion, was used. Six elders of the tribe served as key informants of the study while the Aeta personnel of the National Commission on Indigenous People (NCIP)–Bataan Chapter served as the gatekeeper. In the entirety of the data collection period, ethical principles of justice, beneficence, and respect for persons were observed. Moreover, trustworthiness of the data was observed using the principles of credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability. NVivo 10 was used as the qualitative data analysis software. It was revealed that the threats in the preservation of the oral literature are exposure of the Aetas to foreign culture, unwillingness of the youth to learn the literature, and the oral literature being forgotten by the elders. The mechanisms that the Aeta used to preserve their oral literature are initiative by the elders, integration to the daily activities, sharing traditions to the non-Aetas, and education through cultural activities. It is recommended that a School of Living Tradition (SLT) be established in the Magbukon community to teach the younger generation of the rich oral literature of the tribe. The oral literature of the Magbukon tribe must also form an integral part of the curriculum for the SLT. It must also be included in the mainstream curriculum in the colleges and universities. Bataan Peninsula State University (BPSU) may consider establishing a Center for Aeta Study, which will pioneer the documentation and preservation of the oral literature of the Aetas.


Job D. Paguio
John Albert R. Dela Rosa

Aeta
challenges
documentation
oral literature
preservation
threats

July 08, 2019
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CHED-JIP Recognized Journal as per CMO NO. 50, s. 2018.

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Higher Education Regional Research Center, Bicol University East Campus, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines

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