Bicol University R&D Journal

Official Refereed Journal of Bicol University

4500 Legazpi City,Philippines

Print ISSN: 0016-4139       Online ISSN: 2719-082X

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August 2023

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Health

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Situation in Bicol University, Albay, Philippines

Publisher: Bicol University
Abstract

The Philippines is committed to “achieve universal and equitable access to adequate, safe, affordable drinking water and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all by 2030” (SDG 6). Thus, this study attempted to assess the water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) situation of Bicol University (BU) in terms of existing water facilities and water quality, sanitation, and hand washing facilities; the ratio of female and male students and personnel to WASH facilities; and the risks for contamination of wells with mechanized pumping. This study employed the descriptive survey of WASH facilities utilizing spot-checking and observation checklists based largely on School Sanitation and Health Services Guidelines and Sanitary Inspection Form from the Department of Health (DOH) as well as document analysis of the existing DOH microbiological test report. Of the 15 colleges and three support units of the university, six (33%) had wells with mechanized pumping (Level 1), 10 (56%) were being served by water districts (Level 3) and two (11%) had both Levels 1 and 3. Water from the aforesaid wells was unsafe to drink based on the DOH 2018– 2019 microbiological test report of fecal contamination, which corroborates the moderate risk assessment findings. The sanitation facilities were not sufficiently maintained and proper hygiene not strictly observed due to non-functioning equipment, inadequate water supply, and non-provision of cleaning materials and toiletries, hence students and personnel are at risk for WASH-related infections. The present ratio of female and male students and personnel to WASH facilities meet the Code on Sanitation of the Philippines standards. It is therefore advocated to increase financial investment in operation and maintenance of existing WASH facilities through sustainable budgetary allocation for repair, janitorial services, cleaning materials, and toiletries.


Richard L. Bartolata

microbiological
risk assessment
students
university
WASH facilities

July 08, 2019
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CHED-JIP Recognized Journal as per CMO NO. 50, s. 2018.

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Higher Education Regional Research Center, Bicol University East Campus, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines

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