Bicol University R&D Journal

Official Refereed Journal of Bicol University

4500 Legazpi City,Philippines

Print ISSN: 0016-4139       Online ISSN: 2719-082X

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August 2023

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FoodNutrition

Nutritional Analysis of Bicol Region’s Smoked Round Scad (Decapterus macrosoma) and Pinangat Products

Publisher: Bicol University
Abstract

The study was carried out to determine proximate content of the Bicol One Town One Product (OTOP) smoked round scad (Decapterus macrosoma) and pinangat and evaluate their nutrient content based on the Philippine Dietary Reference Intakes (PDRI) for selected age groups. Smoked fish samples were gathered from the two largest producers in Mercedes, Camarines Norte, while the pinangat samples were obtained from three Department of Trade and Industry (DTI)-accredited OTOP producers in Camalig, Albay. Samples were subjected to various analyses using standard analytical techniques. The proximate analysis of smoked fish products revealed the moisture content of 54.84%; ash content, 9.71%’; crude protein, 31.29%; carbohydrates, 0.47%; and total fat, 3.70%. The mineral content of the fish indicated that Na (2210mg) and Ca (157mg) were the most abundant. The overall nutritional composition of smoked fish showed that it is highly nutritive with crude protein having the largest quantity of the dry matter in the fish samples. Pinangat products contained moisture (65.48%), ash content (2.3%), crude protein (4.2%), carbohydrates (3.83%), and total fat (24.3%). Presence of major and trace minerals (sodium, calcium, iron, and zinc) was reported, with sodium being the most abundant mineral. In all age groups from children to adults, nutrient contents of smoked fish and pinangat products in general ranged from low to high levels based on the recommended range in requirement estimated for groups with different activity levels. The study suggests that smoked fish and pinangat can serve as sources of different nutrients and minerals needed by the body, however, moderate consumption must be observed due to the high sodium content which exceeds the recommended dietary amount.


Ivane N. Malaluan
Grace L. Aytona
Jeffrey D. Peregrino
Charmaine A. Malonzo

Colacasia esculenta L.
OTOP
proximate analysis
round scad
mineral composition

December 10, 2018
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CHED-JIP Recognized Journal as per CMO NO. 50, s. 2018.

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Higher Education Regional Research Center, Bicol University East Campus, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines

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