Bicol University R&D Journal

Official Refereed Journal of Bicol University

4500 Legazpi City,Philippines

Print ISSN: 0016-4139       Online ISSN: 2719-082X

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Vol 26, Issue 1
August 2023

CHED-JIP Recognized Journal as per CMO NO. 50, s. 2018.

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Language

Language Usage and Interaction in the Sangguniang Panlalawigan ng Camarines Norte

Publisher: Bicol University
Abstract

The majority of Bicolanos are trilingual. This reality is observed in the Sangguniang Panlalawigan regular sessions in the province of Camarines Norte, as this study will show. With the aims of describing language usage and interaction in the province, this paper analyzes transcriptions of regular sessions of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan ng Camarines Norte, via content analysis of code switches using Poplack’s distinction of types and Gumperz’ list of conversational functions. Findings show that English, Filipino, and Bicol are commonly spoken during provincial council sessions in Camarines Norte. While English is recognized as the medium of transaction during council sessions, random code switching to other languages is highly frequent. Filipino is the language of choice during council sessions, and there has become a blur in what may be considered the primary language spoken. The observed indiscriminate code switching is seen as an indication of lack of fluency in the English language, thus the need to improve overall language and communication skills. There may also be a need for a review of parliamentary procedure, often disregarded in the conduct of the sessions. Overall, findings show that multilingualism, though existing in the province, is not officially recognized in formal spaces. It is recommended that this be done through language- and language-related policies in the province, the region, and even the nation. Findings will contribute to existing knowledge about multilingualism in general, towards more informed language policies, and in support of equality among all languages in the Philippines.


Ma. Celina Eladia G. Meneses

Code-switching
Language policies
Multilingualism
Philippine languages

April 23, 2024
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CHED-JIP Recognized Journal as per CMO NO. 50, s. 2018.

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Higher Education Regional Research Center, Bicol University East Campus, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines

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