Submission Guidelines

  1. Both Bicol University and non-BU personnel may submit a paper in line with his knowledge and experience in the areas stipulated in the Bicol University Manual of Research and Development.
  2. Submission of paper shall be free of charge for BU personnel while those from other agencies shall be charged publication fee of Php200 per page to cover the cost for refereeing, editing and printing.
  3. Papers based on completed self-funded researches of BU personnel shall be considered for publication provided that guidelines for submission will be observed.
  4. Papers must be based on researches conducted in the last five years which have neither been previously published nor simultaneously submitted in any other journal except in a preliminary form.
  5. Papers in 2007 MS Word compatible format may be submitted either in hard copy or electronically.
    1. Submission of hard copy may be done personally or thru mail. Two copies of these complete manuscripts, together with a previously scanned and virus-free CD copy, should be submitted to the Editor-in-Chief together with a certification from a language editor that the manuscript has been edited. Each submission shall be attached to a transmittal letter which provides the contact details of the corresponding author.
    2. For electronic submission of papers, the files should be submitted to If the files are longer than 2Mb, they may be sent on compact disks.
  6. The article shall have the following parts: Title Page, Abstract, Key Words, Introduction, Methodology, Results and Discussions, Summary/Conclusions/Recommendations, Acknowledgments, References, and List of Tables and Figures.
    1. The title page, a detachable cover sheet, should contain the title, author’s name, professional position, complete mailing address (home and/or email) and institutional affiliation. The author should identify himself only in the title page. It should state whether the research is a portion of a thesis or dissertation and the sources of the fund of the research.
    2. The abstract should not exceed 300 words. It should contain the objectives, methodology, and the summary of the findings and their significance in layman’s language. The key words and phrases following the Abstract must be alphabetically arranged and should not exceed eight words.
    3. The methodology should include the statistical procedures, including methods of analysis, the numbers of replicates and subsamples, transformations and statistical tests. Data not subjected to analysis of variance or other tests of significance must at least show the standard error of the mean or standard deviation.
  7. The mechanics for the papers to be submitted shall be the following:
    1. The title in all capital letters should preferably not exceed 15 words.
    2. The paper should not exceed 30 pages including the tables and figures.
    3. The manuscript should be printed double-spaced in 12-point type Times New Roman font, including text, quotations, table titles, captions and notes on 21.6 cm by 27.9 cm (8.5 x 11 in) white bond paper with one inch margins on all sides, upper right corner pagination and five spaces indention.
    4. The journal follows the Scientific Style and Format of the American Psychological Association (APA) for Social Science Researches.
    5. The Systems International (SI) units should be used in accordance with the recommendations of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) specified in the British Standards Institution, London Publication Specification for SI Units and Recommendations for the Use of Their Multiples and of Certain Other Units, BS 5555:1993 ISO:1991. The author may choose to add corresponding non-metric units in parentheses. Maps should have a scale. Use slash (/) in reporting units of measure, for example g/day. When units of measure are not involved, use words such as eggs per mass, not eggs/mass.
    6. Trade names should be used sparingly and only in the Methodology. Include the symbol where appropriate. Use the generic or common name in the text with the full scientific name (in italics) in parentheses at first mention. State the Latin binomial or trinomial and authority at the first mention of the organism (plants, animals, and microorganisms) in the abstract or main text. Cultivars should be enclosed by (single quotes). Verify nomenclature from a reliable source.
    7. An alphabetically arranged sequence of abbreviations and acronyms and their meanings can be printed after the key words. Do not use abbreviations in the title and abstract, although they may be used in graphs, tables, figures and legends. Acronyms are to be spelled out first and then enclosed in parenthesis at first mention. Use abbreviations only for terms used at least three times.
    8. The author-date system should be used in citing references. The accuracy of the entries in the notes shall be the responsibility of the author/s.
    9. Tables, figures, maps and illustrations, numbered sequentially with an arabic number, should be printed individually on a separate paper with the necessary notes and preferably not larger than 11.43 x 17.78 cm (full page).
    10. j) Pictures and illustrations in jpeg format should be of professional quality and ready for reproduction with captions and legends at the bottom. Microscopic illustration should include magnification and a bar denoting the scale of measure, for example, bar= 100 mm.
  8. Authors shall be required to submit photographs and biographies not exceeding 200 words after the notice of acceptance is sent.
  9. Authors shall ensure that data used in the paper is accessible to others upon request. If this is not the case, the author shall advise the editors of the reasons for unavailability of data.

Bicol University
Research and Development Center
Legazpi City